Roots of English - 20

By Shristi|Updated : March 1st, 2017

The Overall pattern of English Language section has changed drastically in the exams conducted last year. To cope with the changing pattern, it is important to have a strong hold over vocabulary. So, in order to help you with this and improve your vocabulary, we are here with another session of our series, 'Roots of English'. Hope this will help your preparation of English language section.

English language is made up of four parts. These are -


Now if you learn these roots, you can figure out the meaning of hundreds of English language words without even knowing their exact meaning. Before we go further, let us answer some basic questions for you first.

What is a root?
A root is the part of the word which gives instructions to a word.

How many parts is a word made of?
A word is made up of three parts.

For example - Exported

Here 'Ex' is a prefix, 'port' is the root and 'ed' is the suffix.

Note: PREFIX is a word, letter or number placed before another.
SUFFIX is a letter or a group of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning.

Case - I

Consider ‘Pathos’ as a ROOT means suffering, disease, feeling, passion {-path, patho-, -pathy}

Now with the help of this one root you can come out with conclusion of several other English words. Such as,

  • Sympathy - Feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune
  • Psychopath - A person suffering from chronic mental disorder with abnormal
  • Empathy - The ability to understand and share the feelings of another
  • Antipathy – A deep-seated feeling of aversion
  • Apathy - Lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
  • Pathetically - Arousing or deserving of sympathetic sadness and compassion
  • Idiopathic - Of, relating to, or designating a disease having no known cause
  • Hydropathy - Internal and external use of water as a therapeutic treatment for all forms of disease
  • Spathes - A large sheathing bract enclosing the flower cluster of certain plants

Case - II

Root – 'Circ' means Ring, Circle/Circus

  • Circlet - A small circle, especially a circular ornament
  • Circulation - Movement to and fro or around something, especially that of fluid in a closed system
  • Recirculates - Circulate again
  • Circumfluent - Flowing round, surrounding
  • Microcircuitry - An electric circuit consisting of miniaturized components
  • Circumjacent – Surrounding
  • Circa - (often preceding a date) approximately
  • Circumnavigate - To sail ‘around’
  • Circumvent - Go or come ‘around’

I hope this session will help you with your English Language Preparation. We will come back soon with our next session.


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