By Astha Singh|Updated : January 24th, 2022

With only a few days left for CSIR NET 2022 exam, you should devote all your time in revising your concepts and topics. Practice as many mocks as you can to work on your speed and accuracy. At this high time, you should practice a lot of questions of those topics which have high chances of being asked in the exam. Direction And Distance is one of the important and most scoring topics of the General Aptitude (Part A) through which one can score full marks in this section.

Time management, proper exam strategies, and being updated on the news regarding the exam can be the key to success for the student. The study notes can be the best way to revise the topics simply in no time. We at BYJUS EXAM PREP Prep have formulated study notes for Direction And Distance under the subject of General Aptitude to help their CSIR NET 2022 preparations easily.

We've come up with the study notes on Direction And Distance for the upcoming exam CSIR-NET 2022. Scroll down the article below and learn this concept to crack the exam.

## Distance and Direction

Direction is the data or information which is obtained in the relative position from one point with respect to another point without the actual information of distance. Directions may be either relative to some indicated reference or absolute according to some previously agreed upon frame of reference. In this type of question, we need to make a diagram follow up with the information given
in the form of distance or direction in between two points. Based on the information, we need to find out the required answer.

Thus, these kinds of questions are based on simple distance and direction puzzles.
The direction chart given below shows the four main directions:    Some common types of questions asked in the exam,
1. Distance-based
2. Direction-based
3. Distance and direction based
4. Coded Distance and direction
6. Angle Based
Below we are going to share the types of series with examples to explain it,

Distance-based:
1. Rohan, after walking 5 km towards the west, turns left and then walks for 12 km more.
Find the shortest distance between his initial and final position.
A. 13 km
B. 7 km
C. 6 km
D. 17 km
Ans. A
Sol.
From the information given in the question, From the Pythagoras theorem, we can find out the shortest distance:
2 + 122)

Hence, the correct option is A.

2. Shyam walks 5 meters towards the south, then turns to his left and walks 6 meters and then turns to his right and walks 5 meters then turning to his left he walks 6 meters and again turns left he walks 5 meters. What are the direction and shortest distance from his starting point to his final point?
A. 12m
B. 13m
C. 11m
D. 10m
Ans. B
Sol.
Shyam walks 5 meters towards the south, then turns to his left and walks 6 meters and then turns to his right and walks 5 meters then turning to his left he walks 6 meters and again turns left he walks 5 meters and stop.  The above figure shows that we find the distance between A and CIn triangle ABC we apply Pythagoras theorem (base)2 + (perpendicular)2 = (hypotenuse)2
AB2 + BC2 = CA2
Given from figure CB = 12 meters, AB= 5 meter and AC we find.
122 + 52 = AC2
AC2 = 144+25
AC2 = 169

AC = 13 meter
So, the correct answer is option B.

Direction-based:
1. A man walks 7 km towards the south and turns to the left. After walking 5 km, he turns to the right and walks 7 km. In which direction is he now from the starting point?
A. West
B. South
C. South – East
D. North – East
Ans. C
Sol.
From the information given in the question, We can clearly see that the person is in the south-east direction from his starting point.
Hence, option C is the correct response.

2. Zubin is moving in the west direction on the platform to catch the train. After moving 15m, he took a left turn and moved 5m and took right turn and moved 10m and finally he took right turn and by moving 2m he took his seat. In which direction his seat is from his starting point?
A. North-east
B. North-west
C. South-east
D. South-west
Ans. D
Sol.
We know that: We can show the given data in the following figure: From the above figure, we can observe that his seat is in southwest direction from his starting point.
So, the correct answer is option D.

Distance and direction based:

1. A car travels 17 km South, then turns East and travels 11 km, then turns North and travels 9 km, then turns to its left and travels 11 km. Where is the car now with reference to its starting position?
A. 8 km – North
B. 8 km – South
C. 26 km – South
D. 26 km – North
Ans. B
Sol.
From the information given in the question, Thus now car is 8 km south with reference to its starting position.
Hence, option B is correct.

2. Ram and Shyam start from a fixed point. Ram moves 6 km south and turns right and then covers 8 km. Shyam moves 10 km east and turns right and walks 6 km. Now how far and which direction is Ram from Shyam?
A. 18 km – west
B. 25 km – north
C. 20 km – east
D. 22 km – west
Ans. A
Sol.
From the information given in the question, The distance between Ram and Shyam is
= 10 + 8
= 18 km.
So the distance between Ram from Shyam is 18 km and the direction is West.

Coded distance and direction
1. A+B means A is in the south direction of B at 20cm, A-B means A is in the north direction of B at 20cm, A*B means A is in the north-east direction of B at 20cm and A/B means A is in the East direction of B at 20cm. In the expression- T*H+M/W-V, V is in which direction with respect to T?
A. South East
B. North East
C. North – West
D. South – West
Ans. D
Sol.
We know that: We can show the given data in the following figure: From the above diagram, its clearly can be seen that V is in the south-west of T.
So, the correct answer is option D.

1. Mukul was standing facing towards a pole at 7:00 AM. The shadow of the pole fell exactly to his right. Find the direction in which he was facing.
A. West
B. East
C. South
D. North
Ans. B
Sol.
At 7:00 AM Sun was in the east direction. The shadow of the pole fell to his right. Therefore the sun was to his left. This means he was standing facing south direction. Hence, option (C) is the correct response.
2. One morning after sunrise, Gangadhar was walking facing a pole. The shadow of the pole fell exactly to his right, which direction was he facing?
A. South
B. West
C. East
D. North
Ans. A
Sol.
Sunrises from the east in the morning; hence the shadow of an object will be in the opposite site of the sun (in the west direction) From the given problem, Gangadhar was walking facing a pole and the shadow of the pole fell exactly to Gangadhar’s right. West is in the right of the south, hence Gangadhar was facing into the south direction.
Hence, option (A) is the correct response.
Angle based
1. A man is facing towards the east. He turns 270 degrees clockwise and then takes a right turn. Finally, he turns 90 degrees anticlockwise. Which direction is he facing now?
A. West
B. South
C. North
D. East
Ans. C
Sol.
The rotation followed by the man is as follows, Thus the man is finally facing towards North.
2. Ravi is walking in the East direction. After covering the distance of one kilometre, he turns 45° left and then 90° right. In which direction is he now?
A. South East
B. North West
C. North
D. West
Ans. A
Sol.
From the information given in the question, Hence, the final direction would be in the southeast direction

→ If you have any questions feel free to ask in the comments section below.

### BYJU'S Exam Prep Team

The Most Comprehensive Exam Prep App.

#DreamStriveSucceed GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303 bepstudentsupport@byjus.com