Geographical Facts of Madhya Pradesh

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 11th, 2023

Geography of Madhya Pradesh is prevalent with favourable geographical settings. Generally, the geographically of Madhya Pradesh includes high plateau, low plateau and river valley plains. It is nicknamed ‘the heart of India’ due to its geographical location in India. Geographically, Madhya Pradesh is the second-largest state of India after Rajasthan.

Geographical Facts of Madhya Pradesh: Location; Neighbour and Mountain Ranges

Madhya Pradesh meaning Central Province is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Ujjain, Gwalior, Satna being the other major cities. Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by area after Rajasthan and the fifth largest state by population with over 7.2 million residents.


Latitude  21.6°N to 26.30°N
Longitude 74o 9’ E to 82o 48’ E
Total geographical area 3,08,252 sq km
East to West Extent 870 Km
North to South Extent 605 Km

Border States:

The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.

The Bordering district of Madhya Pradesh sharing the boundary with other states are as follow:


Bordering District(Madhya Pradesh)          

Uttar Pradesh

Singrauli, Sagar, Guna, Datia, Shivpuri, Sidhi, Rewa, Satna, Panna, Chhatarpur, Bhind, Tikamgarh, Niwari


Morena, Shivpuri, Guna, Rajgarh, Shajapur, Meemuch, Mandsaur, Ratlam, Jhabua, Sheopur


Khargaon, Badwani, Betul, Khandwa, Chhindwara, Siwani, Balaghat, Alirajpur, Burhanpur


Sidhi, Shahdol, Balaghat, Mandala, Dindori,  Anuppur, Singrouli


Jhabua, Alirajpur

Distinct Linguistic and Cultural Regions of Madhya Pradesh        




The North-Western region


The Plateau region in the North-West of the state


The South- Eastern portion of the state

Central Vidhya and Satpura Region

Having most of the Central Narmada river valley and watershed and has the highest point in the state Dhupgarh in Panchmarhi


The Northern part of hills and fertile valleys of the state


The Western portion of the Narmada river valley


Hilly region of the North- West of the state including Eastern ed of the Vindhyan range

 Mountain Ranges of Madhya Pradesh

Mountain Range





Aravalli Range

North West of Madhya Pradesh

1158 m

Satpura Range

South of Narmada

700 to 1350 m

Granite and Basalt

Maikal Amarkantak

South-East extension Satpura

1065 m

Sandstone and Quartz



Eastern extension of Satpura

625 m

Sandstone and Quartz

Kaimur- Bhander

Eastern extension  of Vindhyachal

450-600 m

Sandstone and Quartz

Divides water of Yamuna and Sone


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