Most Expected Questions of Life Science: Plant & Animal Breeding!

By Renuka Miglani|Updated : November 27th, 2022

Hello Aspirants,

It will not be a new thing for you if we say that BYJU'S Exam Prep is considered as the synonym for success. For the past 5 years, At BYJU'S Exam Prep we have been promoting talented candidates of the CSIR-NET category to the path of success. BYJU'S Exam Prep has been an integral part of the preparation journey of many Aspirants.

As we all know, the CSIR-NET exam is very near and there is no time left for revision. At this point of time, you must be seeking some ready-made authentic short revision notes or some important questions to practice just before the exam. How will you react if you get all these study materials at one place? It will be beneficial for you at this time right! We at BYJU'S Exam Prep comes up with the Most Important Questions of Plant & Animal Breeding for Life Sciences to help you score good marks which have been meticulously designed by our experienced subject-matter experts.

So what are you waiting for? Scroll down the article below and practice them, these questions will be fruitful during last-minute revision to fetch more marks in the exams. Students can also download it as a PDF file and save it for future purposes.

Most Important Questions of Plant & Animal Breeding (Download PDF)

 1. In animal breeding for developing a pure line which of the following method is used?

  1. Inbreeding
  2. Hybridization
  3. Outcrossing
  4. Crossbreeding

2. In the following methods, which one is not included in out- breeding?

  1. Crossbreeding
  2. Outcrossing
  3. Interspecific hybridization
  4. Inbreeding

3. What do you understand by inbreeding?

  1. Mating of unrelated species
  2. Mating of closely related species
  3. Matting of different breeds
  4. Matting of clones

4. Match the following and choose the correct option.

  1. Pusa Savani           A) An allergic plant, created by traditional breeding
  2. IR-8, Jaya, Padma  B) High yield variety of lady’s finger
  3. M S Swaminathan  C) High yield variety of wheat
  4. Kiwi                      D) Green revolution


  1. I-A, II-C, III-D, IV-B
  2. I-B, II-C, III-D, IV-A
  3. I-C, II-B, III-D, IV-A
  4. I-B, II-D, III-C, IV-A

5. Some examples are given below; which of them are new generation marker system?

  1. Microsatellites or Short tandem repeats (STRs)
  2. Sequence Tagged sites (STSs)
  3. Single nucleotide polymorphism
  4. All of the above

6. In marker-based breeding system of crop, success is dependent on genetic map with an adequate number of uniformly spaced polymorphic markers to accurately locate desire QTLs or major gene.

  1. An ability to analyse large number of plants in a time or cost-effective manner.
  2. Adequate recombination between the marker and rest of genome.
  3. Close linkage between QTL and major gene of interest and adjacent markers
  4. All of the above.

7. Selective breeding is generally used for?

  1. Domesticated species.
  2. Wild species.
  3. Endangered species.
  4. Extinct species.

8. In the pedigree analysis technique, plant individuals are selected from which generation?

  1. F1 Generation
  2. F2 Generation
  3. F3 Generation
  4. F4 Generation

9. The technique which is used to reduce the period of breeding generation is known as?

  1. Transgressive breeding
  2. Test cross
  3. Double haploid
  4. Single seed descent

10. For breeding, Comparative genome mapping in the family Solanaceae of three members is done which is tomato, potato, and pepper which shows that Tomato and potato share a near-perfect conservation of gene order throughout their genomes. In contrast, white pepper shares most of its single copy DNA with tomato and potato. The gel used is given below:


What is the name of technique use in this picture?

  1. RFLP
  2. Sequencing
  3. Breeding
  4. None


Solution 1: Ans. A

Inbreeding method known to increase homozygosity, so if we wish to evolve pure lines of animal, this method is necessary. It also exposes recessive gene which is harmful that are then eliminated by selection.  Inbreeding method helps in the accumulation of superior gene and for elimination of undesirable gene.

Solution 2: Ans. D

Out breeding is breeding method of unrelated animals they may  belong to individual of same breed but not have common ancestors for 4-6 generations (out crossing), or may have between different breed (cross breeding) or may include different species (Interspecific hybridization). So, all these are out-breeding techniques and inbreeding is not included in this.

Solution 3: Ans. B

Inbreeding is the breeding method known for the mating of closely related individuals which belong to same breed for 4-6 generation. this breeding strategy follows the mating of superior male and superior female.

Solution 4: Ans. B

Pusa Savani is the high yielding, resistant variety of ochra (bhindi). IR-18, Jaya, Padma are high yield variety of wheat, kiwi is an allergic plant wherein allergy is reduced by breeding technology; M.S, Swaminathan is the scientist the credited with bringing green revolution in India.

Solution 5: Ans. D

SSRs also known as short tandem repeats are molecular markers that are repeated units of 2-6 nucleotides, they are highly polymorphic marker and used in identifying gene and use to prepare a good breed. STSs also are short markers used in diagnosis of several diseases, single nucleotide poly morphism (SNP) is a molecular marker used to identify genetic variability. All these marker systems are used as diagnostic tools and known as new generation marker systems and are immensely useful in breeding programmes.

Solution 6: Ans. D

Marker-based breeding system of crop success depends on genetic map with an adequate number of uniformly spaced polymorphic markers to accurately locate desired QTLs or major gene; they have the ability to analyse large number of plants in a time and cost-effective manner. In marker system, Adequate recombination between the marker and rest of genome occurs and Close linkage between QTL and major gene of interest and adjacent markers make the process a success.

Solution 7: Ans. A

Selective breeding starts with the aim to increase the growth rate of meat production. The main aim of selective breeding is to develop a livestock having desirable traits and heritable component. It is generally used for selective breeding.

Solution 8: Ans. B

In pedigree analysis technique plant individuals are selected from F2 generation, and their progenies are tested in upcoming generations. And a record of whole parent and offspring relation is maintained as pedigree record.

Solution 9: Ans. C

Double haploid is a technique which is used for reducing the cycle of breeding.

Solution 10: Ans. A

The technique given is restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), M is lane of marker, Pe is lane of Digested DNA of pepper, Po is Digested DNA of potato and To is lane of digested DNA of tomato.

Download Important Questions on Plant and Animal Breeding - Download PDF Here


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