Important Rules of Conjunctions
A Conjunction is a word that connects two words, two phrases, or two sentences.
Example: – I know the girl who is at the door. (This sentence means the girl standing at the door I know her.)
I know the girl, who is at the door. (This sentence means I know the girl and right now she is standing at the door.)
The former is an example of a complex sentence while the later is a compound sentence.
When two independent clauses are connected by a coordinate conjunction.
When a coordinating conjunction connects two independent clauses, it is often (but not always) accompanied by a comma:
- Raj wants to play football for his school, but he has had trouble meeting the academic requirements.
- Hemingway and Fitzgerald are among the American expatriates of the between-the-wars era.
- Hemingway was renowned for his clear style and his insights into American notions of male identity.
Co-ordinate conjunction are:-
When a dependent clause is connected to a principal clause by a subordinate conjunction.
A Subordinating Conjunction (sometimes called a dependent word or subordinator) comes at the beginning of a Subordinate (or Dependent) Clause and establishes the relationship between the dependent clause and the rest of the sentence.
- Because he loved acting, he refused to give up his dream of being in the movies.
- Unless we act now, all is lost
Some Important Rules
- A) As soon as the teacher entered the class, everyone fell in silence.
- No sooner did the teacher enter the class than everyone fell in silence.
- Hardly/scarcely did the teacher enter the class when everyone fell in silence.
- No sooner had the teacher entered the class than everyone fell in silence.
In the above examples, all three modified sentences of the above example are correct.
- No sooner do we always use than as a conjunction.
- After Hardly/scarcely we always use when as a conjunction.
- No sooner, hardly or scarcely is always followed by a helping verb.
- The verb of the remaining sentence remains the same.
- B) Unless/Untill
- These are used in negative sense.
- They come in the place of “if….. not….”
- Unless is used for condition and until for time.
- If you do not work hard, you will not succeed.
- Unless you work hard, you will not succeed.
- If you do not reach the airport on time, you will miss the flight.
- Until you reach the airport on time, you will miss the flight.
- C) Lest
- It is used in negative sense.
- It replace “so that……not…..”
- Lest when used in Active sentence is followed by should.
- And in passive sentences is followed by should be.
- Be careful lest you should be robbed again.
- Hurry up lest you should miss the bus.
- D) Although/Though
- It is used in conjunction with (,/,yet/yet).
- Avoid using but/still with although/though.
- Two opposite statements are used with it.
- Although he is poor,/yet/,yet he is happy.
- He is poor still he is happy.(Correct- as although/though is not used)
- E) As if/As though
- It is followed by were.
- And always second form of verb is used.
- He behaves as if he were my boss.
- He speaks Hindi as though he knew the subject well.
- F) Amongst
- Used for more than two.
- Followed by us/and
- Prizes should be distributed amongst us.
- The advocates leaked the matter amongst the
- G) The reason/The reason why
- It is followed by that.
- Avoid using because/because of etc.
- The reason why he failed in the exam is because he did not work hard.
(Replace because with that)
- The reason for his failure is that he is not working hard.
- H) Whoever/Whomever
- We will hire him. He is most qualified.
- We will hire whoever is most qualified.
- We will hire him. You recommend him.
- We will hire whomever you recommend.
- Whoever is elected will serve a four-year term.
- Whomever you elect will serve a four-year term.
Most Important Study Notes
|Most Expected Current Affairs Questions for 67th BPSC/CDPO 🤩, Download PDF|
|Bihar State Budget 2021-22 Highlights: Check Important Points of Bihar Budget [Download PDF]|