Important International Organization Part-2
To assist you to ace your competitive exam, below is a list of some of the largest worldwide organizations and their contact information.
The Treaty of Maastricht established the European Union in 1992.
1 November 1993
27 European countries (On 29 January 2020, the United Kingdom withdrew from the European Union)
European Council President- Charles Michel
European Commission president- Ursula von der Leyen
Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
ASEAN promotes Pan-Asianism and intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, military, educational, and cultural integration amongst its members and Asian states.
Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand (Founding members), Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam.
President - Nguyen Xuan Phuc (Vietnam) Chairmanship of ASEAN rotates annually, based on the alphabetical order of the English names of Member States.
Secretary-General- Lim Jock Hoi (Brunei); The Secretary-General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations is appointed by the ASEAN Summit that elected from among nationals of the ASEAN Member States based on alphabetical rotation for five years.
SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)
The organization promotes the development of economic and regional integration. It launched the South Asian Free Trade Area in 2006.
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, the Maldives, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka
Esala Weerakoon (Sri Lanka)
Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)
The BIMSTEC states are among the countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal.
India and BIMSTEC
Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan, and Nepal
Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
15 June 2001
China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, India, and Pakistan
Rashid Alimov (Tajikistan)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
NATO constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. Three NATO members (the United States, France, and the United Kingdom) are permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and are officially nuclear-weapon states.
The most recent member states to be added to NATO are Montenegro on 5 June 2017 and North Macedonia on 27 March 2020.
4th April 1949
NATO is an alliance that consists of 30 independent member countries across North America and Europe.
Jens Stoltenberg (Secretary-General)
Nuclear Supplier Group (NSG)
India and NSG
India are not a member of NSG
The Important fact about NSG
It is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment, and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons. It has also been referred to as the London Group, or the London Suppliers Group.
International Court of Justice(ICJ)
India and ICJ
India is a member of ICJ
The important fact about ICJ
The Court has a twofold role: to settle, by international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States (Contentious cases) and to give advisory opinions (Advisory proceedings) on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
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