Immoral Traffic Prevention Act (ITPA): Summary
The Government of India ratified the legislation that was introduced by the United Nations International Convention for the Suppression of Women in Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation in Others in New York on May 09, 1950. This act, passed in 1956, was called the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956 (SITA).
- This act was amended in 1986 and stated the legality of prostitution and punishment for owning any related establishment or indulging in this activity.
- Any person involved in recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring, or receiving people for the purpose of prostitution is liable to be punished under this act. The persona can be imprisoned for seven years or more.
Initiatives of the Indian Government to combat the trafficking of women and children
In addition to the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, the Indian government has some major initiatives to help safeguard the interests of women and children. These include:
- Sections 370 and 370A of the Indian Penal Code can provide for thorough steps to combat the scourge of human trafficking, including child trafficking for exploitation in any form, including physical mistreatment or any type of sexual exploitation, servitude, slavery, or coercive removal of organs, went into effect after the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act of 2013.
- Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 is a law to protect children from sexual abuse and exploitation.
- The Ministry of Home Affairs has set up a dedicated cell for the prevention of trafficking.
- The Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), in collaboration with NIPCCD and UNICEF, has developed three manuals for combating the Trafficking of Women and Children for Commercial Sexual Exploitation.
The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2006
In the year 2006, the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Amendment Bill was passed, which amends the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act of 1956 to combat human trafficking and sexual exploitation.
It was introduced in the Lok Sabha on May 22, 2006, referred to the standing committee on June 02, 2006, and the report was created on November 23, 2006.
The Immoral Traffic Prevention Act (ITPA) Billpenalises any person is visiting a brothel for the purpose of sexual exploitation of trafficked victims. It also constitutes authorities from the state and central levels to combat trafficking.
Despite increasing efforts to combat human trafficking and related crimes against human beings, there is a rise in the number of victims of human trafficking each year. This shows that the existing laws need proper enforcement and need not just law and order but even society to come together and end this problem in our country.