Human Development Index - Rank of India, Human Development Report

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : November 29th, 2022

Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistically formulated and collaborated to compute numerous countries’ social and economic development levels in the United Nations. The HDI was established to focus on and emphasize that individuals and their potential ought to be the final criteria for measuring the development of a country, not economic growth alone. As a segment of the Human Development Index, each year United Development Programme presents the Human Development Report [HDR]

The Human Development Report [HDR] was first initiated in 1990 and since then it has been presented every year except in 2012. In accordance with the last Human Development Report, India ranked at the 132nd position, having a score of 0.633. Human Development Index is an essential segment of the UPSC syllabus. It frames to be a part of the current affairs and economy section of the syllabus. The HDI UPSC notes include all the essential factors and points, the definition of HDI, the Human Development Report, HDI ranks of India etc.

Table of Content

What is Human Development Index?

The Human Development Index HDI] is a blend of numerous statistical factors such as life expectancy, education, and per capita income that is employed to stratify nations into four segments of human development. The HDI makes use of the average annual income and educational expectations to rank and take a comparison with other countries to measure the level of development of individuals in all the countries.

Gauging the potential of individuals and human development facilitates a supplementary metric for measuring a country's status of development. The Human Development Index [HDI] comprises three major areas of interest:

  • Life expectancy at birth
  • Knowledge (Mean years of schooling and Expected years of schooling)
  • Gross National Income (GNI) per capita. 
  • Human Development Index (HDI)

Human Development Report

The Human Development Report (HDR) is imprinted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The main emphasis laid by UNDP is on the approach that leads to human development. The foremost objective behind publishing the Human Development Report UPSC are:

  • Progress and enhancing human development.
  • Augmentation of chances, and choices, and facilitating liberty of people throughout the world.
  • Institution to the creative ideas pertaining to human development.
  • Upholding the practical amendments in the policy.
  • Opposing the policies coming as an obstacle to human development.

The first Human Development Report was imprinted in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and the renowned laureate of India, Amartya Sen. The Human Development Report covers 13 dimensions:

  1. Gender
  2. Health
  3. Human security
  4. Mobility & Communication
  5. Socio-economic sustainability
  6. Trade and financial flows
  7. Work, employment and vulnerability
  8. Income
  9. Inequality
  10. Humans Development
  11. Demography
  12. Education
  13. Environment Sustainability

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) annually releases the HDR with 5 composite indices, which are:

  1. Human Development Index
  2. Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (considers ‘Inequality’ as the fourth pillar)
  3. Gender Development Index
  4. Gender Inequality Index
  5. Multidimensional Poverty Index

This is the first time since UNDP has been measuring the Human Development Index, in 32 years that it has declined for across the world for consequently two years in a row. Candidates preparing for the upcoming IAS Exam must cover Human Development Report UPSC to ensure they are able to answer all related questions. 

HDI Rank of India 2021-22

According to the Human Development Report 2021-22 HDI rank of India is 132nd, among 191 countries. The HDR was titled as "Uncertain Times, Unsettled Lives: Shaping our Future in a Transforming World". The Special report released for 2022 has been titled 'New Threats to Human Society in the Anthropocene' expresses the feeling of security and safety is at a minimum in the majority of the country, counting in the richest countries in spite of their surged level of success. 

The Special Report of HDR surveys numerous threats that have moved to have become more eminent in these years comprising digital technologies, conflicts, inequalities, and the potential of the healthcare system to manage new ordeals like the COVID pandemic. The HDR report also reinstates the strong connection between the turning down levels of trust and insecurities. Individuals with a surged level of insecurities are more likely to find others reliable and dependable.

HDI Rank of India 2020

The Human Development Report (HDR) 2020 was launched in December 2020. The Human Development Report set off dialogue in all places of the world, advancing debate amongst the prominent policy-makers at the highest level of politics comprising numerous heads of state.

The Human Development Report (HDR) 2020 is titled “The Next Frontier- Human Development and the Anthropocene”. India secured the rank of 131 out of 189 countries in accordance with the Human Development Report 2020. Possessing the rank of 131, with a value of 0.645 India lies in the medium category of human development.

Human Development Report - India's Future Prospects

The Human Development Report by UNDP emphasizes that people and their abilities should be the main evaluation of the growth of a nation based on three basic parameters of Development in Human Beings- long and healthy lives, the ability to access information, and an acceptable standard of life.

  • India could climb eight spots in the rankings.
  • Under the Paris Agreement, India has pledged to cut down the emissions intensity of its GDP from its 2005 levels of 33-35% before 2030 and to get 40% of electricity generation production from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
  • Solar power in India has increased from 2.6 gigawatts in March 2014 to 30 gigawatts as of July 2019, surpassing its goal of 20 gigawatts just four years ahead of schedule.
  • In the year 2019, India came in fifth place for the capacity of solar panels installed.
  • The National Solar Mission seeks to increase the use of solar energy for power generation and other uses to make solar energy compared with fossil fuel-based alternatives.

Human development is on the rise - there is an increase in the number of girls and women pursuing higher education, there are more economically empowered women now, there is greater bargaining power for children in families, and poverty is being reduced gradually.


The Human Development Index [HDI] is an essential topic for the UPSC exam, Prelims, and Mains. The questions are expected from this topic in the UPSC exam. The questions are usually related to HDI and its key aspects. The candidates must have a hold of the essential and comprehensive topics to be able to answer all the questions in the stipulated time period.

Human Development Index Report UPSC PDF 

You can also go through the Economy notes for UPSC, and add on the essential points from the recommended books. The candidates must be solving the previous year papers to identify the trend of the questions and the pattern asked in the exam.

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FAQs on Human Development Index Report

  • The Human Development Index [HDI] is an instrument that combines numerous developments pertaining to the social and economic development levels of the United States. The Human Development Index [HDI] gauges the potential of individuals and human development and provides a metric for weighing the status of development of the country.

  • The Human Development Report is an individual index that seeks to document the three major dimensions of human growth including access to information as well as a reasonable standard of living, longevity, and a healthy lifestyle. The major elements in human progress according to the Human Development Report are health, education, economic conditions, and health.

  • The prepare for the Human Development Index UPSC, a candidate needs to first read the NCERT Books for UPSC, along with the Economics Books for UPSC to get a clear picture. After this, the basic UPSC Books should be referred to.

  • HDI is calculated as the geometric mean (equally-weighted) of life expectancy, education, and GNI per capita, as follows:

    HDI = ( I(health) * I(education) * I(income))1/3

    The education dimension is the arithmetic mean of the two education indices (mean years of schooling and expected years of schooling).

  • The Human Development Index (HDI) was first developed by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen. Mahbub ul Haq is known as the father of the Human Development Index.

  • The Human Development Index [HDI] facilitates the index measure to cover three major dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge, and maintaining a decent standard of living. It focuses on the potential of the individuals that ought to be the major criteria for measuring the development of the country and not the growth of the economy.

  • India ranks at 132nd position according to the latest report(HDR-2022). This time, 191 countries were included in the HDI Index Report. The special report of HDR also examined the conflicts, and inequalities and the capability of the healthcare centers to manage the pandemic.

  • Norway tops the Human Development Report, with a score of 0.957. Norway is followed by Ireland, Switzerland, Hong Kong and Iceland respectively. United States ranks 17th with an HDI value of 0.926.

  • The higher the number of HDI, the better is the state of development of the country. A high HDI infers that the country facilitates a majorly decent standard of living, with adequate healthcare, good education, and chances to earn money.

  • The first Human Development Report was published in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen. India's rank in the Human Development Report is 131 out of 189 nations.

  • The candidates must be possessing comprehensive knowledge of the Human Development Index to be able to answer all the questions in the stipulated time frame. The HDI UPSC notes will enable the candidates to move o the path of effective preparation.

  • The calculation of the index includes four key factors: life expectancy for health, the expected number of years of schooling, the mean of years of education, and gross national income per person for the standard of life. Each year UNDP ranks countries on the basis of the Human Development Report, which is published as part of their Annual Report.

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