How many members are there in the National Human Rights Commission?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 6th, 2022

The National Human Rights Commission is a multi-member body. The commission comprises a chairman, five full-time members, and four national members.

  • The statutes establish the conditions for the appointment of the chairman and members of the commission.
  • Following the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of September 28, 1993, the Indian National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) was constituted as a statutory public entity on October 12, 1993.
  • The Protection of Human Rights Act of 1993 (PHRA) provided it with a legal foundation.

Members of the National Human Rights Commission

Human rights are defined by law as "Rights relating to liberty, life, dignity, and equality of the individual protected by the Constitution or enshrined in international accords and enforceable by courts in India" and are the responsibility of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).

President and members:

  • The NHRC consists of a Chairman and five members (excluding ex-officio members)
  • A Chief Justice who has been the Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the Supreme Court.
  • One member is or was a Judge of the Supreme Court of India, and one member is or was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
  • Three members, at least one of whom must be a woman, shall be appointed from among persons who have knowledge or practical experience in matters related to human rights.
  • Additionally, the High Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities and the presidents of the following national commissions serve as ex-official members: National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women, National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for Backward Classes, National Commission for Protection of Child Rights.

A sitting judge of the Supreme Court or the presiding judge of the Supreme Court can be appointed only after consultation with the Chief Justice of India.

  • Mr. Judge M.M. Kumar
  • Dr. D.M. Mulay
  • Mr. Rajiv Jain

Ex-official team members:

  • Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Castes
  • Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
  • Sardar Iqbal Singh Lalpura, Chairman, National Commission for Minorities
  • Rekha Sharma, Chairperson, National Commission for Women
  • Chairman of the National Commission for Backward Classes
  • Chairperson of the National Commission for the Protection of Children's Rights
  • Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities

Summary:

How many members are there in the National Human Rights Commission?

The National Human Rights Commission consists of 9 members, where 5 are full-time members, and 4 are notional members.

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