Government Schemes: Ministry of Law and Justice

By Hemant Kumar|Updated : May 4th, 2020

Ministry of Law and Justice is the oldest ministry of the Government of India which dates back to 1833 when the Charter Act 1833 was enacted by the then British Parliament. This Act vested legislative power in a single authority i.e. the Governor-General in Council. By virtue of this authority and the authority vested under him through the Indian Councils Act 1861,  Governor-General in Council enacted laws for the country from 1834 to 1920. After the commencement of the Government of India Act 1919 the legislative power was exercised by the Indian Legislature constituted thereunder. The Government of India Act 1919 was followed by the Government of India Act 1935. With the passing of the Indian Independence Act, 1947 India became a Dominion and the Dominion Legislature made laws from 1947 to 1949 under the provisions of section 100 of the Government of India Act 1935 as adopted by the India (Provisional Constitution) Order 1947. Under the Constitution of India which came into force on the 26th of January 1950 the legislative power is vested in Parliament.  

The Ministry of Law and Justice under the Government of India is a cabinet ministry which deals with the management of the legal affairs, administration of justice and legislative activities in India through its three departments:

  • Legislative Department 
  • Department of Legal Affairs and
  • Department of Justice                                                                                          

Government Schemes: Ministry of Law and Justice



Few Points to remember


The goal is to enable lawyers and legal practitioners to provide legal services pro bono (without fees for the public good).

Build a database collecting lawyers' confidential details for specific positions in the field concerned.

  • It is a web-based platform in which interested lawyers can register for the underprivileged litigants, who can not afford it, to offer pro bono services.
  • Litigants from disadvantaged groups can apply for legal assistance and advice from the pro bono attorneys through this online platform.


It seeks to reduce the pendency of cases across selected districts, with particular emphasis on those that have been pending for over 10 years.

  • The project will be run out of District Facilitation Centers, housed in CSCs, functionalized by a retired judicial or executive officer (with legal experience) appointed as the 'Nyaya Mitra.'
  • In consultation with the district judiciary and other stakeholders, he/she will also refer the disadvantaged applicants to Lok Adalats for dispute resolution and make assistance to prison reforms within the region.

Tele-Law Initiative

It aims to launch a portal to make legal aid easily accessible to the marginalized communities and citizens living in rural areas.

  • It will be available across the CSC network. It will enable people to seek legal advice from lawyers through video conferencing.
  • Every CSC will engage a Para Legal Volunteer (PLV), who will be the first point of contact for the rural citizens.

Legal Information Management & Briefing System (LIMBS)

It aims to have information relating to all court/tribunal cases being handled by the various Ministries/Departments, and other organs of the Government of India will be available on a single web-based online application.

  • It is a web-based portal developed by the Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of Law & Justice for monitoring and handling of various court cases of Govt. Departments and Ministries.
  • The government will intervene and give legal opinions online to resolve such disputes.

To Read about other Ministry Schemes for UPSC Click Here                                                                  

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