Government Schemes: Ministry of Jal Shakti

By Hemant Kumar|Updated : May 8th, 2020

Ministry of Jal Shakti is a ministry under the Government of India which was created in May 2019 by merging two ministries i.e. Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The formation of a separate Ministry for the conservation and proper management of Water Resources reflects India's seriousness and commitment towards solving the rising water crisis in India. This article provides you with a complete list of Government Schemes launched by the Ministry and is important for the upcoming UPSC and State PCS exams.

Government Schemes: Ministry of Jal Shakti


 Objective Few Points to remember

Jal Jeevan Mission

The aim is to provide a functional household tap connection to every household (Har Ghar Nal Se Jal) by 2024.

The service level is at the rate of 55 litres per capita per day

  • The government of India has restructured and subsumed the ongoing National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) launched in 2009 into Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM).
  • The following work/scheme proposed under Jal Jeevan Mission
    • In-village water supply (PWS) infrastructure for tap water connection to every household;
    • Transfer of water (multi-village scheme; where quantity & quality issues are there in the local water sources
    • Capacity building to facilitate the implementation
    • The scheme includes reliable drinking water source development/ augmentation of existing sources;
    • In areas where water quality is a problem, but quantity is sufficient
    • Technological intervention would be done to make water potable
    • Greywater management;
  • The institutional mechanism under the Jal Jeevan Mission
    • At the national level, it is National Jal Jeevan Mission
    • At the state level, It is State Water and Sanitation Measure (SWSM)
    • At District level, It is District water and sanitation mission
    • At Gram Panchayat level, it is Paani Samiti/village water and sanitation committee
  • Funding Pattern:
    • 100% for UTs
    • Centre: State= 90:10 for Himalayan state and north-eastern states
    • Rest of the states, Center: State= 50:50
  • The fund released by Central Govt to the State Govts is to be deposited in one Single Nodal Account (SNA) that will be maintained by SWSM.
  • Public Finance Management System (PFMS) is to be used for funds tracking.
  • To facilitate voluntary contributions, ‘Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh’ will accept donations from various source to fund Jal Jeevan mission


Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)

The objective is to achieve a clean and open defecation free India

  • The scheme was launched on 2nd October 2014 to accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to focus on sanitation
  • Now the center has approved the second phase of the scheme
  • The scheme will be implemented in a mission mode between 2020-21 and 2024-25
  • The second phase will work on Open defecation free plus
  • ODF plus includes sustainability and solid and liquid waste management
  • The Programme will also work with the target that no one is left behind and everyone uses a toilet
  • The Fund sharing
    • 100% for UTs by the central government
    • Centre: State= 90:10 for Himalayan state and north-eastern states
    • Rest of the state center: state= 50:50


Swachh Iconic Places

The objective of the scheme is to take iconic places and the surrounding areas to higher standards of Swachhta

It will help the visitors benefit and give  a positive image of cleanliness to the visitors

  • This initiative is in partnership with Ministries of Urban Development, Tourism, and Culture with MDWS being the nodal ministry.
  • All Iconic Sites have designated PSUs for financial and technical support.


Atal Bhujal Yojana

The objective is to improve groundwater management in priority areas in the country through community participation

  • It is a Rs 6000 crore World Bank approved project
  • The funding pattern is between Government of India and the World Bank in the ratio of 50:50
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme
  • Two major components of the scheme are:
    • Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building Component
    • Incentive Component for the States
  • The priority areas identified under the scheme lies in the states of Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
  • These States represent nearly 25% of the total number of over-exploited, critical and semicritical blocks in terms of groundwater in India.

Swachhta hi Sewa Campaign

Its objective is to mobilize people and reinforce Jan Andolan (mass movement) for sanitation.


  • It is a fortnight-long sanitation campaign to highlight the cleanliness initiative, Swachh Bharat Mission
  • Under the campaign, there will be targeted cleaning of public and tourist places under this campaign.

Swachh Swastha Sarvatra

The objective is to achieve better health outcomes through improved sanitation and increased awareness and healthy lifestyles.

  • The scheme is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Drinking water and sanitation
  • The three major components of Swachh Swasth Sarvatra are:
  • Community Health Centres (CHCs): CHCs in ODF blocks will be supported to achieve Kayakalp certification (a certificate for the high level of sanitation and hygiene)
  • Gram Panchayat of Kayakalp Primary Health Centres (PHCs): PHCs prioritized to become ODF
  • Training in WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) of CHC/PHC nominees

Swachh Shakti, 2019

The aim of the scheme is to recognize and felicitate women sarpanch, swachhagrahi, and women champions for their contribution towards Swachha Bharat

  • Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation launched the initiative in 2017
  • First Swachh Shakti program launched in 2017 at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
  • The second Swachh Shakti event, Swachh Shakti-2018, was organized at Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The third edition has been inaugurated from Haryana (Kurukshetra)

Darwaza Band Media Campaign

The objective of the scheme is to do an aggressive mass media campaign by MDWS aiming at Behavior Change

  • The World Bank has supported the 'Darwaza Band' campaign.
  • It is designed to encourage behavior change in men who have toilets but are not using them

Jalmani Programme

The aim is to do value and quality addition to the ongoing Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme to mainly address the water quality in rural areas in school

  • It was launched in 2008
  • It is a 100% centrally sponsored program


The aim of the scheme is to the availability of clean drinking water to every household round year and also generate employment

  • Swajal is a community-owned drinking water program for sustained drinking water supply
  • The scheme has been launched in 115 aspirational districts

To read about other Ministry Schemes for UPSC Click Here                                                                  

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