|Few Points to Remember|
One-Stop Centre (OSC) scheme
The scheme Provides holistic support and assistance under one roof to women impacted by abuse in both public and private spaces in a staggered way.
- Nirbhaya Fund will fund the scheme. The Central Government must provide the State Government / UT Administrations under the scheme with 100 percent financial assistance.
- The OSC will support all women, including girls below 18 years of age, affected by violence, irrespective of caste, class, religion, region, sexual orientation, or marital status.
Poshan Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Month)
Aims to improve nutritional outcomes among children, pregnant women, and lactating mothers.
- The program aims to minimize the level of Stunting, Under-nutrition, Anaemia, and Low Birth Weight in Children from 0-6 years, by 2%, 2%, 3%, and 2% per
- It is to be done through the use of technology, a tailored approach, and integration.
- Funding: 50% by the Government of India and 50% by the World Bank or other Multinational Development Banks.
Mapping crops and food grains are grown in different regions of the world so as to encourage nutritious protein-rich in local areas.
- The Ministry of Women and Child Development is creating a POSHAN atlas under POSHAN Abhiyan in collaboration with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Deendayal Research Institute.
INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES
To avoid and reduce under-nutrition of young children (percentage of 0-3-year-olds underweight) by ten percentage points
- Centrally funded Scheme
- Recruiting Anganwadi staff and aid workers from the same village
- It is a compulsory and self-selecting program, i.e., anybody can visit and enrol in the Aanganwadi centre.
- Six programs package, i.e.,
- Supplementary nutrition program
- Pre-school education
- Health and nutrition awareness,
- Health checks up
- Referral programs
NATIONAL NUTRITION MISSION (POSHAN ABHIYAAN)
This seeks to concentrate on children up to 6 years old, pregnant and lactating mothers, and teenage girls in particular.
- As an apex body, NNM tracks, supervises, sets goals and directs nutrition-related initiatives through the definition of the life cycle.
- Mapping of various schemes contributing to malnutrition.
- ICT (Information and Communication Technology) based real-time monitoring system.
- POSHAN Atlas: To map the crops and food grains grown in different regions of the country so that nutritious protein-rich food in local areas can be promoted.
- To take the messages of POSHAN to the grass-root level
BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO (BBBP)
To address declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and other related issues of empowerment of women over a life-cycle continuum
- The scheme was launched in January 2015 at Panipat in Haryana
- Two components of the scheme include the Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao Advocacy and Media Campaign on Multi-Sector Intervention in Selected Gender-Sensitive Districts Worse on CSR
- A continuous social mobilization and awareness campaign to build fair value for the girl child and promote her education.
PRADHAN MANTRI MATRU VANDANA YOJANA
Providing partial wage loss compensation in terms of cash benefits, so that the woman can take sufficient rest before and after the first living child is born.
- Both Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM), except PW&LM, who are, for the time being, in regular employment with the Central Government or the State Governments or PSUs or those enjoying similar benefits under any legislation.
- They receive a cash benefit of Rs. 5,000 in three instalments on fulfilling the respective conditionality, viz. early registration of pregnancy, ante-natal check-up, and registration of the birth of the child, and completion of the first cycle of vaccination for the first living child of the family.
- The eligible beneficiaries also receive cash incentives under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Thus, on average, a woman gets Rs. 6,000
- It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) and the cost-sharing between Centre and States is 60:40 for all the States and UTs (with legislature), 90:10 for NER and the Himalayan States and 100% GoI share for UTs without legislatures.
Empowering adolescent girls for self- development by Improving their nutrition and
health status, Promoting awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, adolescent reproductive, and sexual health (arsh) and family and child care and to educate, skill, and make them ready for life‘s challenges.
- Centrally sponsored scheme (CSS)
- To empower adolescent girls of age 11-18 years and it is implemented through the State Governments/UTs.
- All Components except for nutrition provision will get 100% financial assistance from the Central Government.
- The nutrition provision will be funded by the Central government up to the extent of 50%.
The aim is to work upon an all-round development of Adolescent Boys so as to make them self-reliant, gender-sensitive, and aware & responsible citizens when they grow up.
- SAKSHAM or Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Boys aims holistic development of Adolescent Boys, on the pattern of SABLA.
- The scheme will focus on all the Adolescent Boys between the age of 11 to 18 years and will primarily focus on out-of-school boys.
- The scheme will utilize the structures made under ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services Scheme)
For the prevention, recovery, reintegration, and repatriation of cross-border victims into their country of origin.
- Rehabilitation centres are provided with financial resources to provide housing and basic services such as
- Food, clothes, medical treatment, legal assistance
- Education where victims are children
- Vocational training and income-generating programs to provide alternative employment opportunities for victims.
SUKANYA SAMRIDDHI YOJANA
To encourage parents to open an account in a girl's name and to deposit their maximum savings up to the defined limits for their welfare.
- The Sukanya Samriddhi Account is opened with a minimum deposit of Rs 1000 and a limit of Rs 1.5 lakh to facilitate education and marriage expenses of that girl child.
- Either a parent or a legal guardian can open an account in the girl's name before she reaches the age of 10 years.
- The account will be matured in 21 years from the account opening date or marriage of the girl child after attaining the age of 18 years.
- Partial Withdrawal for the education of the girl child can be done when she passes 10th class or turned 18 years.
SWADHAR GREH SCHEME
To meet the primary need of women in distress for shelter, food, clothes, medical attention, and care without any social or economic help.
- Women who are abandoned, natural disaster survivors, Women prisoners released from jail, victims of domestic violence, family strife or conflict, Trafficked women/girls rescued or run away from brothels or elsewhere.
- Children accompanying women in the above categories will also be required to stay with their mothers in Swadhar Greh (Girls up to 18 years old and boys up to 8 years old).
Provide an online marketing platform for women.
- Both Indian women people over the age of 18, and SHGs women.
- It is an initiative to address the expectations and needs of women entrepreneurs to exploit technology to highlight women entrepreneurs' goods produced/manufactured/sold.
NARI portal was launched as single window access to information and services on various women-centric schemes/legislations.
- There is a lack of knowledge among people about the same because of the dispersed details about various women's centric schemes/legislations.
Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra (PMMSK)
The objective is to empower rural women through community participation.
- Improving the child sex ratio (CSR), the survival of newborn girl child, their education, and empowering them through other such initiatives are the main motives.
- Community engagement through student volunteers is in the backward districts at the block level.