Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: March 13, 2019

By Snigdha Singh|Updated : March 13th, 2019

Since the last few years, aspirants of Banking Insurance Examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The new pattern questions appear mostly in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope of experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the reasoning skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently.
Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.
So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Now attempt the GK questions related to this article to boost your general knowledge. Let's see how many can you answer correctly without referring to the article again.

G.K. Questions:

Q1. How many general elections has India witnessed so far as a Republic nation?

Q2. Name one initiative taken by the Election Commission of India to increase voter participation.

A promise to live by: on Indian democracy

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Invigorate (मज़बूत कर देना)

  • Pronunciation: in-vig-uh-reyt/ इन्विगरेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: give strength or energy to.
  • Synonyms: enliven, energize, stimulate, revive
  • Antonyms: drain, exhaust, demoralize
  • Usage in a Sentence: The tactic could help invigorate a struggling campaign.

2. Word: Resolute (दृढ़)

  • Pronunciation: rez-uh-loot/ रेज़लूट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: admirably purposeful, determined, and unwavering.
  • Synonyms: determined, firm, stubborn, rigid
  • Antonyms: weak, irresolute, cowardly
  • Usage in a Sentence: He became even more resolute in his opposition to the plan.

3. Word: Fragility (कोमलता)

  • Pronunciation: fraj-ili-ity/ फ्रजिलिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the quality of being easily broken or damaged.
    b. the quality of being delicate or vulnerable.
  • Synonyms: infirmity, feebleness
  • Antonyms: harshness, resilience
  • Usage in a Sentence: The fragility of life is now characterised by a power failure or a virus in computers.

4. Word: Devolution (अंतरण)

  • Pronunciation: dev-uh-loo-shuh n/ डेवलूशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, especially by a central government to local or regional administration.
    b. descent to a lower or worse state.
  • Synonyms: decentralisation, transfer, degeneration
  • Antonyms: centralisation, evolution, development
  • Usage in a Sentence: The devolution of financial management is one of the most important developments in recent legislation.

5. Word: Malady (व्याधि)

  • Pronunciation: mal-uh-dee/ मैलडी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a disease or an ailment
  • Synonyms: disease, infirmity, ailment, affliction
  • Antonyms: wellness, remedy, strength
  • Usage in a Sentence: All the rose bushes seem to be suffering from the same mysterious malady.

6. Word: Afflict (कष्ट पहुँचाना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-flikt/ अफ्लिक्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: (of a problem or illness) cause pain or trouble to; affect adversely.
  • Synonyms:  trouble, distress
  • Antonyms: comfort, soothe
  • Usage in a Sentence: Given the turbulent times which still afflict the industry, this is a remarkable achievement.

7. Word: Disenfranchisement (मताघिकार से वंचित करना)

  • Pronunciation: dis-en-fran-chahyz/ डिसएन्फ्रैन्चिज़्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the state of being deprived of a right or privilege, especially the right to vote.
  • Synonyms: restraint, domination
  • Antonyms: enfranchisement, freedom, liberation
  • Usage in a Sentence: A viable solution must recognise and deal with the sense of disenfranchisement that motivates terrorism.

8. Word: Corrode (संक्षारित होना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-rohd/ करोड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. destroy or damage (metal, stone, or other materials) slowly by chemical action.
    b. destroy or weaken (something) gradually.
  • Synonyms: erode, deteriorate, waste
  • Antonyms: build, aid, help
  • Usage in a Sentence: The education system is being corroded by low salaries and corruption.

9. WordSustenance (निर्वाह)

  • Pronunciation: suhs-tuh-nuh ns/ सस्टनन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. food and drink regarded as a source of strength; nourishment
    b. the maintaining of someone or something in life or existence.
  • Synonyms: nourishment, support, maintenance, upkeep
  • Antonyms: agony, curb, demolish
  • Usage in a Sentence: Elections are necessary for the sustenance of democracy.

10. Word: Pronounced (सुस्पष्ठ)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-nounst/ प्रनाउन्स्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: very noticeable or marked; conspicuous.
  • Synonyms: clear, prominent, noticeable, distinct
  • Antonyms: faint, concealed, indefinite
  • Usage in a Sentence: The temperature change in winter is less pronounced in maritime areas.

11. WordReiterate (दुहराना) 

  • Pronunciation: ree-it-uh-reyt/ रीइटरैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
  • Synonymsrepeat, iterate, duplicate
  • Antonyms: elapse, conceal, dismiss
  • Usage in a Sentence: My teacher reiterated all the important points two days before the exam.

12. Word: Rejuvenation (पुनर्यूवीकरण)

  • Pronunciation: ri-joo-vuh-neyt/ रिजूवनैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action or process of making someone or something look or feel better, younger, or more vital.
  • Synonyms: renewal, restoration, revival
  • Antonyms: decline, degeneration
  • Usage in a Sentence: When I am exhausted after work, I count on a hot shower to rejuvenate myself.

13. Word: Curb (नियंत्रण करना)

  • Pronunciation: kurb/ कर्ब
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a check or restraint on something. [Noun]
    b. restrain or keep in check. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: inhibit, hinder
  • Antonyms: encourage, support
  • Use in a Sentence: Counselling acted as a curb on his violent behaviour.

14. Word: Polarisation (ध्रुवीकरण)

  • Pronunciation: poh-ler-uh-zey-shuh n/ पोलरिज़ेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs.
  • Synonyms: division, discord, opposition
  • Antonyms: reunion, coexistence, convergence
  • Usage in a Sentence: Political polarisation in industrialised countries has fuelled a resurgence of fiscal conservatism.

15. Word: Contender (मुकाबला करने वाला)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-tend/ कन्टेन्डर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person or group competing with others to achieve something.
  • Synonyms: competitor, contestant, opponent, rival
  • Antonyms: supporter, ally, comrade
  • Usage in a Sentence: She was a strong contender for Britain's Olympic team.

16. Word: Existential (अस्तित्वपरक)

  • Pronunciation: eg-zi-sten-shuh l/ एग्ज़िस्टेन्शल 
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. relating to existence
    b. (of a proposition) affirming or implying the existence of a thing.
  • Synonyms: experiential, empirical, factual
  • Antonyms: speculative, theoretical, conjectural
  • Usage in a Sentence: The electric light was an invention with profound existential consequences.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Polarisation
  • Corrode
  • Rejuvination
  • Devolution
  • Resolute

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

S No.WordsSynonyms

 Answer in the comment section.  

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation:

Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below:

Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

SBI PO 2019 notification will be out anytime soon. Don't wait and start preparing for SBI PO Exam 2019 now & set a goal to crack it. Attempt the free mock to get hold of the pattern and the type of questions which could be asked in the exam. 

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That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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