Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 6 March, 2019

By Snigdha Singh|Updated : March 6th, 2019

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges can be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.
In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Raja Mandala: The Gulf as a channel of peace

Important Words from the Article

1. WordNudge (टहोका मारना)

  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Pronunciation: nuhj/ नज
  • Meaning: 
    a. prod (someone) gently with one's elbow in order to attract attention. [Verb]
    b. a light touch or push. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: push, poke
  • Antonyms: discourage, dissuade
  • Usage in a Sentence: I gave him a nudge to wake him up.

2. WordModeration (संतुलन)

  • Pronunciation: mod-uh-rey-shuh n/ माडरेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the avoidance of excess or extremes, especially in one's behaviour or political opinions.
  • Synonyms: restraint, continence, abstain
  • Antonyms: greed, excess, extreme
  • Usage in a Sentence: Some people think drinking in moderation can prevent heart disease.

3. WordDefuse (स्थिति को गंभीर होने से रोकना)

  • Pronunciation: dee-fyooz/ डिफ्यूज़ 
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. remove the fuse from (an explosive device) in order to prevent it from exploding
    b. make (a situation) less tense or dangerous.
  • Synonyms: unset, deactivate, appease, relieve
  • Antonyms: aggravate, agitate, stimulate
  • Usage in a Sentence: A spokesman said this firm action had defused a very nasty situation.

4. WordParlous (ख़तरनाक)

  • Pronunciationpahr-luh s/पार्लस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb
  • Meaning:
    a. full of danger or uncertainty; precarious. [Adjective]
    b. greatly or excessively. [Adverb]
  • Synonyms: perilous, hazardous, risky 
  • Antonyms: secure, innocent, hopeful
  • Usage in a Sentence: My cousins had a parlous journey on hilly areas.

5. WordAmenable (प्रतिसंवेदी)

  • Pronunciationuh-mee-nuh-buhl/ अमेनबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled.
  • Synonyms: complaint, manageable, controllable
  • Antonyms: stubborn, defiant, obstinate
  • Usage in a Sentence: His scientific discoveries are amenable to the laws of physics.

6. WordEntrenched (अंतर्निहित)

  • Pronunciation: en-tren-ch-d/ इन्ट्रेन्च्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: to establish an attitude, habit, or belief so strongly that it is not likely to change
  • Synonyms: fixed, inflexible, instilled
  • Antonyms: vulnerable, adjustable, unestablished
  • Usage in Sentence: Our soldiers have entrenched themselves behind the battle lines.

7. WordLoom (संकट मँडराना)

  • Pronunciation: loom/ लूम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
  • Synonyms: menace, emerge, stand out
  • Antonyms: disappear, diminish, remove
  • Use in a Sentence: We should flag those problems that could loom ahead.

8. WordEmbark (प्रारम्भ करना)

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Pronunciation: em-bahrk/ इम्बार्क
  • Meaning: begin (a course of action).
  • Synonyms: commence, initiate
  • Antonyms: conclude, culminate
  • Use in a Sentence: The man is about to embark on a strategic career.

9. WordVacuum (शून्य स्थान)

  • Pronunciationvak-yoom/ वैक्यूअम
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:  
    a. a space entirely devoid of matter. (Noun)
    b. clean with a vacuum cleaner. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: void, emptiness, vacancy
  • Antonyms: fullness, abundance
  • Usage in a Sentence: The writer criticized the moral vacuum in society.

10. WordExpeditionary (अभियान का)

  • Pronunciation: ek-spi-dish-uh-ner-ee/ एक्स्पडिशनेरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: of or forming an expedition, especially a military expedition.
  • Synonyms: legionary, travelling
  • Antonyms: civilian
  • Usage in a Sentence: In September Parliament sent an expeditionary force against them, under Warwick as admiral.

11. Word: Expatriate (निर्वासित करना)

  • Pronunciation: eks-pey-tree-eyt/ एक्स्पेट्रीएट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a person who lives outside their native country. (Noun)
    b. denoting or relating to a person living outside their native country. (Adjective)
    c. send (a person or money) abroad. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: exile, banish, expel
  • Antonyms: repatriate, hold
  • Usage in a Sentence: Most expatriates will benefit from consulting an independent financial adviser for specialist help.

12. WordCastigate (दण्ड देना)

  • Pronunciationkas-ti-geyt/ कैस्टगेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: reprimand (someone) severely.
  • Synonyms: punish, reprimand, scold
  • Antonyms: celebrate, praise, laud
  • Usage in a Sentence: She could not find sufficient reproaches with which to castigate herself.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Expatriate
  • Vacuum
  • Loom
  • Castigate
  • Amenable

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

S No.WordsSynonyms
1 Vaccum Initiate
2 Nudge Instilled
3 Entrenched Restraint
4 Moderation Poke
5 Parlous Void
6 Embark Risky

 Answer in the comment section.  

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation:

Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below:

Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

Are you waiting for SBI PO 2019 notification? Don't wait, just start preparing for SBI PO Exam 2019 now & set a goal to crack in this attempt.

Practice SBI PO 2019 free mock here!

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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