First in Bihar: Personalities, Events, Structure and State Symbols, Download PDF

By Shubham Verma|Updated : April 11th, 2021

In this article, we are providing the facts relating first person, first event and structure of Bihar. Every Year BPSC asks questions relating to this so, in order to help the aspirants, we have created a list of Firsts in Bihar such that it will be one point source of reading for the aspirants. This is crucial for all upcoming BPSC and BPSSC preliminary examinations.

Here, we are giving the complete study material of ‘First in Bihar: Personalities, Events, Structure and State Symbols’ that will ease the journey of aspirants to crack the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state-level examinations.

First in Bihar: Personalities, Events, Structure and State Symbols



First Governor during British India

 James David Sifton

First Governor

           Jairamdas Daulatram           

First Muslim Governor

Zakir Hussain

First Chief Minister

Dr Krishna Singh

First Female Chief Minister

Rabri Devi

First Harijan Chief Minister

Bhola Paswan Shastri

First Muslim Chief Minister

Abdul Ghafur

First Education Minister

Sir Ganesh Dutt

First Speaker of Legislative Assembly

Ramdayalu Singh

First Open University

Nalanda Open University

First Poet


First Non-Congress Chief Minister

Mahamaya Prasad Sinha

First Democratic election of Bihar 

held in March 1937.

Mohammad Yunus formed the Govt and became first Premier (April- July 1937) of Bihar province.

First Chief Justice of Patna High Court before Independence

Sir Justice Edward Maynard Des Champs Chamier

First Indian Chief Justice of Patna High Court after independence

Pandit Lakshmi Kant Jha

First Female Chief Justice of Patna High Court after Independence

Justice Rekha Doshit

First Gyanpeeth Award Winner

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

First Hindi Newspaper


First English Newspaper


First Bhojpuri Film

Hey Ganga Maiya Tohe Piyari Chadhayibo (1963)

First Maithili Film

Kanyadaan (1965)

First Hindi Film

Kal Hamara Hai

First Magadhi film

Bhaiyaa, (1961)

First Doordarshan Centre


 First International Cricket Stadium in Bihar

 Moin-ul-Haq Stadium (Previously Known as Rajendra Nagar Stadium)

 First Tiger Reserve 

 Valmiki National Park, a tiger reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary (Located in Champaran District)

The First Republic of the World

Vaishali (Bihar)

First ancient University of Bihar

Nalanda University

The First University of Bihar during British Raj

Patna University

First European to enter in Bihar


State Symbols:

State Tree: Peepal

Peepal is the state tree of Bihar. The scientific name of the Peepal tree is Ficus religiosa or sacred. It is found in the sub-continent of India. The peepal tree is considered sacred by the followers of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment (bodhi) while meditating underneath a Ficus religiosa. The site is in present-day Bodh Gaya in Bihar, India.

State Flower: Marigold

Marigold the state flower of Bihar. The scientific name of Marigold is Tagetes erecta, Blooms naturally occur in golden, orange, yellow. Marigold is an extensively used flower in the state.

State Bird: Home Sparrow

Home Sparrow is the state bird of Bihar. The scientific name of House Sparrow is Passer domestics. Generally, sparrows are small, plump, brown-grey birds with short tails. Many species nest on buildings, trees and the house. Sparrows are among the most familiar of all wild birds. They are primarily seed-eaters, though they also consume small insects.

State Animal: OX

The State Animal of Bihar is Ox also known as a bullock. Mainly, used for ploughing, for transport (pulling carts, hauling wagons and even riding), for threshing grain carts, hauling wagons and even riding), for threshing grain by trampling and for powering machines that grind grain or supply irrigation among other purposes.

State Fish: Mangur 

Posted by:

Shubham VermaShubham VermaMember since Jul 2020
Revenue Officer in Bihar Govt. []
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Anand  Jha

Anand JhaApr 11, 2021

Sir is bpsc aao mains exam is in descriptive paper or mcq based .pls tell me
Megha Singh

Megha SinghApr 12, 2021

Thanku 🙏
Megha Singh

Megha SinghApr 12, 2021

Apke share kiye gai notes bahut useful or bahut ache rehte h kya ye apke dawra likhe gai notes h sir?
Sanjali Shreya
Thank you sir for this information. It will beneficiary  in writing for the mains

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