Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement
Kyoto Protocol has 192 parties who agreed to implement its provisions through national measures. In contrast, Paris Agreement has 197 parties who have ratified or acceded to the agreement and hence, agreed to implement its provisions through national measures or other means.
Paris Agreement vs Kyoto Protocol
There is some primary difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement which are mentioned as follows:
Kyoto Protocol vs Paris Agreement
Kyoto Protocol was adopted in 1997 at the 3rd Conference of Parties (COP) held in Japan.
The Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015 at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP) held in Paris, France.
Kyoto Protocol came into force back in 2005.
Paris Agreement came into force on 4 November 2016.
The main objective of the Kyoto Protocol is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to prevent global warming.
The main objective of the Paris Agreement is to keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2°C and to pursue efforts to keep it below 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels by reducing greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050.
Kyoto Protocol's first phase lasted till 2012.
The objectives of the Paris Agreement will be achieved between 2025 and 2030.
Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement Comparison
Both Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement are major steps toward combating environmental issues and saving our planet earth from global warming and its terrible effects.
- The primary Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement is that the former is legally binding, and the latter is not.
- With this in mind, both agreements focus on conserving the environment by adopting different measures on an international level.
What is Kyoto Protocol?
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and came into force on 16 February 2005. Kyoto Protocol is further linked with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to help combat the increasing emissions of greenhouse gases.
- Kyoto Protocol also offers countries an additional means of meeting their targets through three market-based mechanisms.
- The Kyoto mechanisms are mission trading, joint implementation, and the clean development mechanism (CDM).
What is Paris Agreement?
Paris Agreement is the first comprehensive climate agreement that is globally accepted. It is a historic agreement reached by 195 countries at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) in December 2015 in Paris.
- It aims to reduce global warming by limiting the thermodynamic trapping of atmospheric gases contributing to the greenhouse effect (GHG).
- Furthermore, the Paris agreement aims at strengthening the countries worldwide to deal with the influence of climate change.
- It required both developed and developing nations to help control the growing temperature.
Key Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement
The Key Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement is that Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement launched to combat the increasing emissions of greenhouse gases, whereas Paris Agreement is a broad climate agreement that is globally accepted to reduce global warming.