Paris Agreement and Kyoto Protocol - Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement

By K Balaji|Updated : February 5th, 2023

The major difference between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement is that Kyoto Protocol focuses on keeping emissions of greenhouse gases up to 5.2%, whereas and Paris Agreement majorly focuses on controlling the global temperature, which also covers the greenhouse gas effect. The Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement are world-wide accepted decisions made to manage and control greenhouse gas emissions.

Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement PDF

The Paris Agreement is a well-thought process after seeing the results of the Kyoto Protocol and the health of the Earth at that time. Both Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement were directed toward the sustainable development of the Earth. Here, we will see the Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement in various aspects to understand both in depth.

Table of Content

Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement

Kyoto Protocol has 192 parties who agreed to implement its provisions through national measures. In contrast, Paris Agreement has 197 parties who have ratified or acceded to the agreement and hence, agreed to implement its provisions through national measures or other means. There is some primary difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement which are mentioned as follows.

Paris Agreement vs Kyoto Protocol

Paris Agreement and Kyoto Protocol

Kyoto Protocol

Paris Agreement

Kyoto Protocol was adopted in 1997 at the 3rd Conference of Parties (COP) held in Japan.

The Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015 at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP) held in Paris, France.

Kyoto Protocol came into force back in 2005.

Paris Agreement came into force on 4 November 2016.

The main objective of the Kyoto Protocol is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to prevent global warming.

The main objective of the Paris Agreement is to keep the increase in global average temperature well below 2°C and to pursue efforts to keep it below 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels by reducing greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050.

Kyoto Protocol's first phase lasted till 2012.

The objectives of the Paris Agreement will be achieved between 2025 and 2030.

Paris Agreement and Kyoto Protocol

Both Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement are major steps toward combating environmental issues and saving our planet earth from global warming and its terrible effects.

  • The primary Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement is that the former is legally binding, and the latter is not.
  • With this in mind, both agreements focus on conserving the environment by adopting different measures on an international level.

What is Paris Agreement?

Paris Agreement is the first comprehensive climate agreement that is globally accepted. It is a historic agreement reached by 195 countries at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) in December 2015 in Paris.

  • It aims to reduce global warming by limiting the thermodynamic trapping of atmospheric gases contributing to the greenhouse effect (GHG).
  • Furthermore, the Paris agreement aims at strengthening the countries worldwide to deal with the influence of climate change.
  • It required both developed and developing nations to help control the growing temperature.

What is Kyoto Protocol?

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and came into force on 16 February 2005. Kyoto Protocol is further linked with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to help combat the increasing emissions of greenhouse gases.

  • Kyoto Protocol also offers countries an additional means of meeting their targets through three market-based mechanisms.
  • The Kyoto mechanisms are mission trading, joint implementation, and the clean development mechanism (CDM).

Conclusion:

Key Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement

The Key Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement is that Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement launched to combat the increasing emissions of greenhouse gases, whereas Paris Agreement is a broad climate agreement that is globally accepted to reduce global warming.

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FAQs on Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement

  • Yes, there is a major difference between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement is an agreement made by all the countries worldwide to do their part in combating climate change, whereas the Kyoto Protocol only covered industrialized nations that were part of it.

  • Regarding legal foundation, the major difference between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement is that compliance with targets under the Kyoto protocol is legally binding on participating countries that ratify it. However, the Paris Agreement is not legally binding.

  • Kyoto protocol was signed on 11 December 1997. It entered into power on 16 February 2005. Kyoto protocol was acquired at the third session of the COP (Conference of the Parties - 3) in Kyoto, Japan.

  • The Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement in terms of funding is that Paris Agreement requires developed countries to provide financial resources to assist developing countries in their efforts to combat climate change, while the Kyoto Protocol does not include such provisions.

  • The issue addressed in the Kyoto Procol was up to a 5.2% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, whereas in the Paris Agreement, greenhouse gas emissions were to be controlled to reduce the global temperature so that it doesn't increase 2 °C.

  • The main purpose was to slow climate change by employing climate protection steps. The Kyoto Protocol included precise constraints on how greenhouse gases were to be lowered. It became operational in 2005 and was substituted by the Paris Agreement in 2021.

  • The Difference Between Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement in terms of their objectives is that the Paris Agreement covers climate change mitigation and adaptation and support for developing countries, whereas the Kyoto Protocol only had provisions for the mitigation of climate change.

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