Describe the Process of Unification of Italy

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The process of unification of Italy involves major events such as the Franco-Austrian War of 1855, several nationalist uprisings, and the idea of Risorgimento (resurgence). After the downfall of Napoleon in 1814, many of the Italian states were reconstituted into conservative regimes. To oppose these regimes, many secret societies were formed across the country, one of them being the Young Italy group, founded by Guiseppe Mazzini in 1831.

Mazzini advocated for the idea of Risorgimento, or the unification of Italy, which found resonance with the people of Italy at the time and led to a nationalist uprising in 1848. In 1859, Piedmont-Sardinia's Prime Minister, Count Camillo di Cavour orchestrated an alliance with France against the Austrians to further the process of unification of Italy.

By 1860, Giuseppi Garibaldi of Piedmont-Sardinia overthrew the Bourbon army in the Southern states of Italy. Consequentially, Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont-Sardinia was made the King of unified Italy in 1861.

Process of Unification of Italy

The Franco-Austrian war of 1859 was the major event that instilled a nationalist sentiment in the people of Italy. When the Austrian army was defeated and the northern states conquered, the process of unification of Italy gained momentum. In 1860, the Bourbon army in the Southern states of Italy was overthrown by the army of Giuseppi Garibaldi. Eventually, the united Kingdom of Italy was turned over to King Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont-Sardinia in 1861.

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FAQs

  • The process of unification of Italy involved an instillation of nationalist sentiment among people by Guiseppe Mazzini in 1831. By 1859, the Austrian armies were defeated, and eventually, in 1861, Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed King of Italy.

  • The proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy happened in the year 1861, with the coronation of Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont-Sardinia as King. This happened after the decades-long struggle of the nationalists to defeat the Austrian and Bourbon armies.

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