Process of Unification of Italy
The Franco-Austrian war of 1859 was the major event that instilled a nationalist sentiment in the people of Italy. When the Austrian army was defeated and the northern states conquered, the process of unification of Italy gained momentum. In 1860, the Bourbon army in the Southern states of Italy was overthrown by the army of Giuseppi Garibaldi. Eventually, the united Kingdom of Italy was turned over to King Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont-Sardinia in 1861.