Daily Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Words List: 23rd December 2021

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : December 23rd, 2021

Daily updated The Hindu Editorial vocabulary words with their meanings dated 23rd December 2021 are important for Bank, SSC, Railway & IAS exams. At BYJU’S Exam Prep, our Series is named as "Daily Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Words List: 23rd December 2021" to shape up your vocabulary from the newspaper wordlist.

With the help of daily wordlist from Hindu newspaper of 23rd December 2021, our aim is to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. Today's the Hindu newspaper contains important vocabulary words like Foul, vigilantism, fray, Perpetrator, etc. which can be downloaded from The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary PDF to strengthen your preparation.

Table of Content

Important Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial: 23rd December 2021

1. Word: Foul (घृणित)

  • Pronunciation: foul/फाउल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. grossly offensive to the senses; disgustingly loathsome; noisome (Adjective)
    b. containing or characterized by offensive or noisome matter (Adjective)
    c. in a foul manner; vilely; unfairly (Adverb)
    d. Baseball. into foul territory; so as to be foul (Adverb)
    e. something that is foul (Noun)
    f. a collision or entanglement (Noun)
  • Synonyms: nasty, vile, dirty, offensive
  • Antonyms: clean, fair, pleasing
  • Usage in a sentence: Why are you in such a foul mood this morning?

2. Word: Vigilantism (सतर्कता)

  • Pronunciation: vij-uh-lan-tee-zm/ विजलन्टिज़म
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: law enforcement undertaken without legal authority by a self-appointed group of people.
  • Synonyms: militiaman, watchful, guardian
  • Antonyms: villain, draftee
  • Usage in a Sentence: While the vigilantism has been praised by some as evidence of neighborhood unity, others see it as an illustration of a nation that continues to spiral out of control.

 3. Word: Fray ( झगड़ा)

  • Pronunciation: freɪ/फ्रै
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a situation of intense competitive activity, a battle or fight.
  • Synonyms: brawl, scuffle, quarrel
  • Antonyms: agreement, harmony, tranquility
  • Usage in a Sentence: Why should we get involved in others fray?

4. WordPerpetrator (अपराधकर्ता)

  • Pronunciationpur-pi-trey-ter/ पर्पट्रैटर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.
  • Synonyms: offender, violator, culprit
  • Antonym: victim
  • Usage in a Sentence: The perpetrators of racially motivated violence must be punished.

5. Word: Retaliation (प्रति-हिंसा)

  • Pronunciation: ri-tal-ee-ey-shuh n/ रीटैलीऐशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. the action of returning a military attack; counter-attack.
    b. the action of harming someone because they have harmed oneself; revenge.
  • Synonyms: revenge, punishment
  • Antonyms: mercy, forgiveness
  • Usage in a Sentence: The armed forces were on high alert to guard against any retaliation.

6. Word: Unravel (सुलझाना)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-rav-uh l/अन्रैवल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. to separate or disentangle the threads
    b. to free from complication or difficulty
    c. (Informal) to take apart; undo; destroy
  • Synonyms: solve, disentangle, untangle, resolve
  • Antonyms: tangle, knot, wind, twist
  • Usage in a sentence: We have a long way to go before we unravel the secrets of genetics.

7. WordFoment (उकसाना)

  • Pronunciation: foh-ment/फोमेन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb 
  • Meaning: instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action).
  • Synonyms: provoke, incite, stimulate
  • Antonyms: soothe, dampen, ease
  • Usage in a Sentence: He has moved beyond simply trying to foment a revolt.

8. Word: Lynch (बिना वैध निर्णय के मार डालना)

  • Pronunciation: linch/लिन्च
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. If a crowd of people lynch someone who they believe is guilty of a crime, they kill them without a legal trial, usually by hanging
  • Synonyms: kill, murder, hang
  • Antonyms: save lives, protect
  • Usage in a sentence: The accused killer was lynched by an angry mob.

9. WordParamount (प्रमुख)

  • Pronunciationpar-uh-mount/ पैरमाउन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. more important than anything else; supreme.
    b. having supreme power.
  • Synonyms: chief, supreme, foremost, leading, dominant
  • Antonyms: minor, secondary, trivial, inferior
  • Usage in a sentence: Maintaining the secrecy of the agreement is of paramount importance.

10Word: Rabble-rousing (भड़काना)

  • Pronunciationrab-uh l-rou-zing/रैबल राउज़िंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: to stir up the emotions or prejudices of the public; agitate.
  • Synonyms: instigative, agitation, provocative
  • Antonyms: calming, pleasing
  • Use in a Sentence: Critics have accused him of rabble-rousing.

Practice here Daily Wordlist Quiz

The Hindu Newspaper Vocabulary Based Exercises: 22nd December 2021

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • foul
  • vigilantism 
  • fray 
  • perpetrator
  • retaliation 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
2foment supreme

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Daily Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Wordlist: 22nd December 2021


That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep


write a comment
Richa Tomar

Richa TomarDec 23, 2021

1- unravel= slove
2- foment= incite
3- paramount=  supreme
4- lynch= murder
5- rabble rousing= provocative
      Thank you🙏
Hari Krishnan
Please include the article from newspaper as before.
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiDec 23, 2021

The foul smell coming from the guest house invoked a sense of vigilantism to the neighbors. They doubted some perpetrator might infiltrated the house and killed the owner. And that was the actual scenario. The offender entered the house with the aim of robbery but the owner got into fray and to retaliate back, he killed the culprit. After the incident he packed in his work and left the guest house.
Shridayal Seth
1-Racism is a another kind of foul.
2-we should always have vigilant to make peace and harmony in society.
3- Fray is jot only solution for every problem.
4- Afghanistan is perfect example of perpetrators government.
5- Israeli army retaliate Hmaas in order to protect their civilians.
Shridayal Seth
Unravel= solve
Foment= incite.
Paramount= Supreme.
Lynch= murder
Rabble -rounding= provocative.
Thank you ma'am. 😊


  • The important vocabulary words from The Hindu newspaper of 23rd December 2021 are perpetrator, rabble-rousing.

  • You can download The Hindu Editorial vocabulary PDF of December 23rd, 2021 from the monthly capsule.

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