CSIR NET Chemical Science - Short Notes on Organometallic Compounds

By Renuka Miglani|Updated : June 2nd, 2021

Hi Students,

Hope you all are safe and healthy!

Are you looking for some short and reliable notes during your CSIR UGC NET preparations? Then, you have come to a perfect place!

Candidates who are preparing for their CSIR UGC NET exam might in need to get some short study notes and strategies to apply while preparing for the key exam of their life. At this point of time, We at BYJU'S Exam Prep come up with short notes on the Organometallic Compounds, which comes under the part i.e., Organic Chemistry of the Chemical Science syllabus. 

This set of short notes for Organic Chemistry have been meticulously designed by our experienced subject-matter experts, in order to give you the most standard set of study materials to be focused upon. In this cut-throat competitive world, students need to prepare themselves with the best study materials to help them in the learning process and for their future. Here we are offering the best study notes that are reliable and can be used by the students during their preparations for the upcoming CSIR-NET 2021 exam.

Organometallic Compounds

Organometallic Compounds are chemical compounds having at least one bond between a metallic element and a carbon atom that belongs to an organic molecule.

The bonding is ionic or covalent or delocalized between organic groups and a metal atom.

Organometallic compounds of Li, Mg (Grignard reagents) are the most important organic reagents. Some metalloid elements such as silicon, tin, and boron also form organometallic compounds which are used in some industrial chemical reactions.

 

Hapticity 

The no. of carbon atoms through which an organic ligand is attached to the central metal atom” is known as “Hapticity” of the ligand.

This is represented by the symbol “ η

EAN Rule 

The sum of the electrons on the central metal atom or ion and the electrons donated from the ligands in a complex compound is called the effective atomic number (EAN) of the metal. For a compound to be stable,EAN should be equal to the atomic number of the next incoming noble gas. 

18-Electron Rule

If the central metal ion or atom of a complex compound acquires noble gas electronic configuration i.e, 18 electrons in the valence orbitals (or valence shell) then the electronic configuration will be closed and stable.” It is known as the 18-electron rule. The total number of

electrons is equal to the sum of d-electrons + electrons donated by the

ligands.

18 electrons = coordinatively saturated

< 18 electrons = coordinatively unsaturated

Metal Carbonyls

Those metal Complexes in which Carbon monoxide acts as a ligand are called metal carbonyls. For example Cr (CO)6, Fe (CO)5.

 There are two types of metal carbonyls:

  1. a) Mononuclear metal carbonyls: These complexes contain only one metal atom per molecule. For example : [Ni(CO)4], [Fe(CO)5 ], etc.
  2. b) Polynuclear metal carbonyls: These complexes contain more than one metal atom per molecule. For example: Mn2(CO)10 ,Fe2(CO)9 , Co4(CO)12 etc.

Bonding in Metal Carbonyls:

The nature of M-C bond is as follows :

Formation of σ-bond:

 It is the overlap of filled carbon σ-orbital with the vacant metal orbital.

Formation of π-bond:

It is the overlap of filled d-orbital of metal with the vacant π* orbital of CO.

Common Reactions:

Oxidative Addition:

This is the reaction in which a neutral ligand adds to the metal centre and oxidises it generally by two electrons.

MLn + X-Y → X−M(Ln)−Y

Reductive Elimination:

This is the reaction in which two cisoidal anionic ligands couple together ona metal centre.

X−M(Ln)−Y → MLn + X-Y

Migratory Insertion:

This is the reaction in which a cisoidal anionic and neutral ligand couple together to generate a new coordinated anionic ligand.

R−M(Ln)−Z → (RZ)−M(Ln) 

 

Download PDF for Short Notes on Organometallic Compounds

Also Read : 

 

 CSIR NET Chemical Sciences: Short Notes on Soft Acid-Base Concept!

~ Keep Upvote this article and share it among your friends.

→ If you have any questions feel free to ask in the comments section below.


Also, subscribe to our Youtube Channel also for daily Live Classes for CSIR NET 2021.

Best of Luck!!
Sahi Prep hai to Life Set Hai!!
Go BYJU'S Exam Prep

Posted by:

Renuka MiglaniRenuka MiglaniMember since Jan 2021
This article was curated by Renuka Miglani who is an Associate Manager at BYJU'S Exam Prep (CSIR-NET). A PostGrad with an educational background in Nutrition Science, she is an ardent reader & writer. Loves to impart knowledge to students. Being from a Nutrition Science background, she is well aware of the opportunities available and has hared the same in the above article. Stay tuned for more interesting articles from her which will be beneficial for your career.
...Read More
Share this article   |

Comments

write a comment

Follow us for latest updates