CSIR NET Chemical Science: Short Note on Polymer Chemistry!

By Neetesh Tiwari|Updated : June 23rd, 2021

Hello Gradians,

We hope you all are safe and healthy!

Candidates preparing for their CSIR NET exam might need to get some short study notes and strategies to apply while preparing for the key exam of their life. At this point, We at BYJU'S Exam Prep come up with short notes on Polymer Chemistry which comes under the Inorganic Chemistry section of the Chemical Science syllabus

Our experienced subject-matter experts have meticulously designed this set of short notes for Inorganic Chemistry to give you the most standard set of study materials to be focused upon. In this cut-throat competitive world, students need to prepare themselves with the best study materials to help them learn and for their future. Here we are offering the best study notes that are reliable and can be used by the students during their preparations for the upcoming CSIR-NET 2021 exam.

Hello Gradians,

We hope you all are safe and healthy!

Candidates preparing for their CSIR NET exam might need to get some short study notes and strategies to apply while preparing for the key exam of their life. At this point, We at BYJU'S Exam Prep come up with short notes on Polymer Chemistry which comes under the Inorganic Chemistry section of the Chemical Science syllabus

Our experienced subject-matter experts have meticulously designed this set of short notes for Inorganic Chemistry to give you the most standard set of study materials to be focused upon. In this cut-throat competitive world, students need to prepare themselves with the best study materials to help them learn and for their future. Here we are offering the best study notes that are reliable and can be used by the students during their preparations for the upcoming CSIR-NET 2021 exam.

Polymer Chemistry

POLYMERS: 

A polymer is made up of a large number of monomeric structural units which are repeated over and over again to form a giant molecule called a macromolecule.

CLASSIFICATION OF POLYMERS

Based on origin :

  •  Natural polymers: Starch, cellulose, silk, wool
  •  Semi-Synthetic polymers: Neoprene, Silicone rubber
  •  Synthetic polymers: Polythene, PVC

 Based on the structure of Polymers:

  • Linear polymers:  made up of long and straight chains. e.g.
    high-density polyethene, polyvinyl chloride, etc.

  • Branched-chain polymers: consist of linear chains having branches, e.g., low-density polythene.

  • Cross-linked or Network polymers: consists of strong covalent bonds between various linear polymer chains, e.g., bakelite, melamine.

Based on mode of polymerisation:

  • Addition polymers: These are formed by the repetitive addition of monomer molecules such as alkenes or alkynes, e.g., homopolymer -polythene and copolymer- Buna-S, Buna-N.

  • Condensation polymers: These are formed by the combination of monomers with the elimination of simple molecules such as water or alcohol. e.g., Terylene or dacron and polyamides- Nylon-6,6.

Based on molecular forces:

  • Elastomer: weak intermolecular forces of attraction and possesses elastic character. e.g., Vulcanized rubber.

  • Fibres: strong intermolecular forces like hydrogen bonding and possess high tensile strength e.g., polyamides (nylon 6, 6), polyesters (terylene), etc.

  • Thermoplastics: softens on heating and becomes hard on cooling. e.g., polyethene, polystyrene, PVC.

  • Thermosetting Polymers or Resin: becomes hard on heating. e.g., bakelite, urea-formaldehyde polymer.

Molar Masses of Polymer: The molar mass of polymer can be defined as a statistical average rather than a specific number since polymerization occurs in such a way to produce different chain lengths.

Weight average molecular weight (MW

where, wi  is the weight fraction of polymer chains having a molecular weight of MWi

Number average molecular weight (MN

where MWi is the molecular weight of each individual polymer chain and Xi refers to the mole fraction of each chain length.

The ratio Mw / Mn is called the polydispersity index (P.D.I). The broadness of molecular weight distribution of a polymer is measured by P.D.I , i,e. if the polydispersity index is larger, the broader will be the molecular weight distribution.

For all real polymers, Mn<Mw

TACTICITY OF POLYMER:

The difference in the configuration of a polymer molecule when the positioning of the monomeric units in a polymer takes place in an orderly or random manner is known as tacticity.

On the basis of tacticity, the structure of the polymer may be divided into the following categories (i) Isotactic (ii) Syndiotactic (iii) Atactic

  • If all chiral centres have the same configuration, the arrangement of the side groups is called isotactic
  •  If every other chiral centre has the same arrangement, it is called syndiotactic
  •  A random arrangement of the side groups is called atactic or heterotactic.

 

 Short Notes on Polymer Chemistry - Download PDF Here

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Neetesh TiwariNeetesh TiwariMember since Aug 2020
Working Experience of more than 2 years in Education Industry. Currently associated to CSIR-NET at Gradeup. Guiding students to crack the exam and fulfil their dreams.
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