Tourism Sector of Bihar Study Notes
- Tourism has been boosted by the establishment of the Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation.
- Its main aim is to commercialize all the tourist resources of Bihar.
- Tourist Information Centers, Hospitality services, Heritage Hotels, Wildlife Sanctuary, and National Parks etc. have been developed.
- Kesaria Stupa is the highest stupa in India measured from the base in East Champaran.
- Buddha delivered his last sermon here.
- 2nd Buddhist Council was convened by King Kalashoka
- Its ancient name is Patliputra.
- It was the capital of many famous ruling dynasties like Mauryas and Guptas
- 3rd Buddhist Council was convened by King Ashoka in 250 B.C.
- Ajatshatru had built up the fort in Patliputra
- Udayin had set up Patliputra town.
- Bodh Gaya
- It is the most important Buddhist pilgrimage site
- It was earlier known as Uruvela
- On the banks of river Niranjana, Buddha attained his enlightenment and the tree that sheltered him is known as Bodhi Tree
- Mahabodhi Temple was designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Buddha statue - a huge Buddha Statue in sitting posture
- Vaishali - It is the birthplace of Lord Mahavir Jain
- Lord Mahavira breathed his last here.
- Jal Mandir - spectacular marble temple in the middle of a lotus pond stands marvelously on a rectangular platform
- Samosharan Temple - Lord Mahavira delivered his last teaching here
- 10th Sikh Guru Gobind Singh was born here.
- Sri Harmandir Sahib Takht Gurudwara is located here.
Hindu Religious Sites
- Ahirauli (Buxar)
- A temple of Devi Ahalya, the wife of Rishi Gautam
- She was transformed into stone by the curse of her husband and was redeemed only when lord Rama visited the place.
- Singheshwar Sthan in Madhepura is considered the abode of Lord Shiva.
- Janki Temple is situated here.
- It is considered as the birthplace of SITA.
- Sita Kund in Munger - after proving her chastity, Sita bathed in the pool which absorbed her heat
- Phulwari Sharif
- Khankah Muzibia was founded by Hazrat Pir Muzibullah Quadri
- Sacred hair of beard of Paigamber Hazrat Mohammad is preserved here.
- A mela is held here every year.
- Sangi Masjid located here constructed by Humayun
- Bihar Sharif
- Choti Dargah of Hazrat Makhdum Saiyad Shah Ahmed Charampose
- Around the tomb of Saint Ibrahim Bayu, 10 smaller tombs are also built.
- Maner Sharif
- It was also an important center of learning
- Tomb of Makhdum Daulat and Yahiya Maneri is located here
- The ceilings have carved inscriptions from Koran
- Kakolat Waterfalls - in Nawada district near Jharkhand border which has a fall of 160 ft.
- Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary - Kaimur, Bengal Tigers are also found here. Other important sites in it are:
- Karkat waterfall
- Telhar waterfall
- Anupam Lake
- Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary - Munger, located south of Ganga. It has several hot springs like Sita Kund and Rishi Kund. It is more famous for birds than land animals.
- Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary in Bhagalpur, stretching from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon. It is the only protected area for Gangetic Dolphins.
- Khudabaksh Library, one of the largest libraries of Asia, is located in Central Patna
- Didarganj Yakshini is the most treasured possession of the Patna Museum
- Rajgir - was the ancient capital of the Magadha Empire
- Nalanda hosts the famous ancient University
- Golghar in Patna was built by Captain John Garstin under the order of Lord Warren Hastings.
- Qila-i-Rohtas in Rohtas district built by Sher Shah Suri in 1541
- Eighty Pillared Hall of Magadhan empire in Kumhrar (Patna)
- Mauryan pillars at Lauriya Nandangarh, Rampurva, and Lauriya Areraj
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