UGC NET Study Notes On All India Survey On Higher Education (AISHE) Report 2018-19

By Mohit Choudhary|Updated : April 21st, 2021


  • All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) report for 2018-19 was released in 2018 by the HRD ministry (now Ministry of Education).
  • The survey, undertaken as an annual, web-based, pan-India exercise on the status of Higher Education from 2010-11, covers all the Higher Educational Institutions in the country.
  • The survey collects data on several parameters like teachers, student enrolment, examination results, programs, infrastructure, education finance, etc.

Key findings

Gender gap

  • According to the report, the gender gap in the country narrowed as compared to the previous year, i.e., 2017-18.
  • The female students constituted almost half (approx. 48.6%) of the total enrolment in higher education. It improved from 47.6% in 2017-18 to 48.6% in 2018-19.
  • In U.P. and Karnataka, more girls were enrolled than males in the state's higher education.
  • The number of female students per 100 male students has increased from 90 (2017-18) to 95 in 2018-19.

Gross enrolment

  • The gross enrolment ratio (GER) increased from 25.8 in 2017-18 to 26.3 in 2018-19.
  • In absolute terms, enrolment saw a rise from 3.66 crore in2017-18 to 3.74 in 2018-19.
  • In the same period, the GER for S.C.s has also grown from 21.8 to 23.0 and S.T.s from 15.9 to 17.2.


  • The number of universities has increased from 903 in 2017-18 to 993 in 2018-19.
  • Total higher educational institutions (HEI) increased from 49,964 to 51,649 in the same period.


  • The number of faculty has also increased from 13.88 lakh to 14.16 lakh.


  • The highest number of students are enrolled in the undergraduate program- 79.8 %.
  • It is followed by post-graduation at 10.8 %.
  • But an increase in enrolment is observed in integrated degree programs.
  • Integrated programs are becoming more popular as they provide a better foundation for subject knowledge and practice.

Preferred stream at the U.G. level

  • At the undergraduate level, the highest number of students were enrolled in Arts/Humanities/Social Sciences courses- 35.9%
  • Science16.5%
  • Commerce-14.1%
  • Engineering and Technology- 13.5 %

Preferred stream at P.G. level

  • While one-third of undergraduate students are enrolled in humanities, management seems to be a preferred postgraduate (P.G.) stream.
  • Science and engineering technology registered relatively more enrolment in M. Phil and Ph.D. programs.


  • Only 2.5% of the colleges weranoctorate programs, and 35% had Postgraduate level courses.
  • Out of the total number of colleges in India, only 11.04% are exclusively there for female students.
  • According to the report, the percentage of women steadily rose in language courses, while o. Conversely, men opt for courses that can fetch them immediate employment, like science and technology courses.
  • The share of female students was the lowest in the Institutions of National Importance.

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We hope you all understood the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) report for 2018-19 for UGC NET Exam.

Thank you,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep


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