Ministry of Consumer Affairs, food, and public distribution

By Hemant Kumar|Updated : April 21st, 2020

Government Schemes launched by the Government of India with the aim of addressing the socio-economic welfare of the citizens of this nation. Such schemes play a very important role in solving many problems that beset Indian society and helps in achieving the goals to achieve welfare nation as enshrined in our Constitution. In this article, we will look at the complete list of schemes by the  Ministry of Consumer Affairs, food, and public distribution launched in past years along with their objectives and some important features of the scheme. This is very crucial for the preparation of UPSC and State PCS exams as the number of questions from the Government schemes have increased in recent years.

 Ministry of Consumer Affairs, food, and public distribution

Name of the scheme


Few Points to remember

Antyodaya Anna Yojana

The objective is to target poorest of the poor population and provide them relief from hunger

  • It includes  poorest of the poor from amongst the BPL families covered under the Targeted Public Distribution System within the States
  • The scheme provides them food grains at the rate of Rs.1/ per kg for coarse grains, Rs.3/ per kg. for rice, and Rs. 3/ per kg for wheat.
  • Intended beneficiaries: Households headed by widows or terminally ill persons/disabled persons/ persons more than 60 years of age and persons with no assured means of subsistence or societal support.
  • It is a part of NFSA (National Food Security Act), and the households under AAY are entitled to 35 Kg of foodgrains per household per month
  • States/UTs are required to bear the distribution cost, including a margin to dealers and retailers as well as the transportation cost

Integrated Management of the public distribution system

The aim is to implement nation-wide portability in food grains distribution

  • It is a central sector scheme
  • It is in continuation of complete computerization of PDS operations to bring more transparency and efficiency in the distribution of food grains


Targeted Public Distribution system

The objective is to identify the poor households and giving them a fixed amount of food grains

  • It is implemented under the joint responsibility of the Central and the State government
  • Central Government responsibility includes procurement, allocation, and transportation of food grains to the designated depots of the Food Corporation of India
  • State Government is responsible for the operational responsibilities for allocation and distribution of food grains to the eligible beneficiaries
  • The state fixes the end price after taking into account margin for all the expenses

Price Stabilization fund

The objective is to mitigate volatility in the prices of agricultural produce

  • The fund was set up in 2014-15 under the Department of Agriculture, cooperation and Family Welfare and transferred to Department of Consumer Affairs from 1st April 2016
  • It is a central sector scheme
  • The fund will be managed by Price Stabilization fund management committee
  • Small Farmers Agri-business consortium can act as a fund manager


The scheme aims to create awareness, advise and redress consumer grievances

  • Integrated Grievance Redress Mechanism portal will act as a central registry to file consumer complaints
  • The scheme will also bring all the stakeholders together on a single platform
  • It provides the facility of registering online grievances which will be redressed within 60 days


Ministry of Corporate Affairs

Name of the scheme


Few Points to remember

MCA 21 Project

The project aims to ensure the efficiency of the core services regarding company affairs

  • The basic purpose of the project is to enable easy and secure access of Ministry of corporate affairs services to the corporate entities, professionals and the public by the fully automating all processes related to the proactive enforcement and compliance of the legal requirement

To Read about other Ministry Schemes for UPSC Click Here

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