CSIR NET Chemical Sciences: Short Notes on Medicinal Chemistry!

By Neetesh Tiwari|Updated : July 25th, 2021

Are you looking for some short and reliable notes during your CSIR-NET preparations? Then, you have come to a perfect place!

Candidates preparing for their CSIR NET exam might need to get some short study notes and strategies to apply while preparing for the key exam of their life. At this point, We at BYJU'S Exam Prep come up with short notes on the Medicinal Chemistrywhich comes under the Organic Chemistry section of the Chemical Sciences syllabus

Our experienced subject-matter experts have meticulously designed this set of short notes on Medicinal Chemistry to give you the most standard set of study materials to focus on. In this cut-throat competitive world, students need to prepare themselves with the best study materials to help them learn and for their future. So, here we are offering the best study notes that are reliable and can be used by the students during their preparations for the upcoming CSIR-NET 2021 exam.

Are you looking for some short and reliable notes during your CSIR-NET preparations? Then, you have come to a perfect place!

Candidates preparing for their CSIR NET exam might need to get some short study notes and strategies to apply while preparing for the key exam of their life. At this point, We at BYJU'S Exam Prep come up with short notes on the Medicinal Chemistry, which comes under the Organic Chemistry section of the Chemical Sciences syllabus

Our experienced subject-matter experts have meticulously designed this set of short notes on Medicinal Chemistry to give you the most standard set of study materials to focus on. In this cut-throat competitive world, students need to prepare themselves with the best study materials to help them learn and for their future. So, here we are offering the best study notes that are reliable and can be used by the students during their preparations for the upcoming CSIR-NET 2021 exam.

Medicinal Chemistry

Introduction:

Medicinal chemistry deals with the synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs. In addition, it helps to evaluate the properties of existing drugs. Compounds generally used as drugs are often organic compounds that can be further classified into broad classes of small organic molecules and biologics. Along with this, inorganic and organometallic compounds are also used as drugs.  Generally, medicinal chemistry focuses on small organic molecules for the development of new therapeutic agents. In ancient civilizations, plants, animal parts, and minerals were used as medicines.

Discovery of Drugs:

Natural products have been considered major sources of lead compounds in discovering new drugs to treat infectious diseases, neurological diseases, immunological and cardiovascular diseases. According to history, drugs were discovered by identifying the active ingredient from traditional remedies.

A new approach basically deals with how disease and infection are controlled at the molecular and physiological levels. For example, the discovery of a drug involves identifying a sample, its synthesis, characterization, and screening.

Types of Pharmaceutical Drugs:

  • Antipyretics
  • Analgesics
  • Antimalarial
  • Antibiotics
  • Antiseptics

Antipyretics: This drug helps to reduce fever. “Anti” means against, and “pyretic” means feverish. The most common antipyretics are aspirin and ibuprofen.

Analgesics: It is used as a painkiller to achieve analgesia. It helps to relieve pain without blocking the conduction of nerve impulses. Examples: Opioids, Tylenol.

Antimalarial: This drug is used to treat malaria infection. These are used to treat malaria in three categories:

  • Those with confirmed infection. 
  • People who visited malaria-endemic regions.
  • In a broader group of individuals.

Examples: Quinine and chloroquine.

Antibiotics:  These are drugs that help to stop infection caused by bacteria. “Antibiotic” means against life. So it can be said that any drug which kills germs in the body is an antibiotic. This drug can treat various infections like:

  • Ear and sinus infection
  • Skin infection
  • Dental infection
  • Kidney infection
  • Whooping cough

  Examples: Penicillin, tetracyclines.

Antiseptics: It helps stop the growth of microorganisms and, as a result, helps prevent infection. Many chemical agents can be used both as a disinfectant and antiseptics. These are used for cleaning wounds and minor cuts—examples: Hexachlorophene, Isopropyl alcohol.

Short Notes of Medicinal Chemistry - Download the PDF

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Neetesh TiwariNeetesh TiwariMember since Aug 2020
Working Experience of more than 2 years in Education Industry. Currently associated to CSIR-NET at Gradeup. Guiding students to crack the exam and fulfil their dreams.
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