What is Ocean Relief?

By Ritika Pant|Updated : July 22nd, 2022

Ocean relief or submarine relief are referred relief features located on the ocean floor. The ocean water covers mixtures of landscapes like basins, plateaus, ridges, mountains, trenches, and canyons identical to its counterpart on the continents. These are also present beneath the ocean water. There are broadly four sub-divisions of ocean basins. These are:

  • Continental slope
  • The ocean deeps
  • Abyssal plains
  • Continental shelf

Key Features of Ocean Relief 

The oceans, unlike the continents, merge so naturally into one another that it is hard to determine them.

  • Geographers have divided the earth into five oceans: the Indian, the Pacific, the Atlantic, Southern, and the Arctic.
  • The four large oceans contain various gulfs, seas, bays, and other inlets.
  • A major part of the ocean floor is seen between 3-6 km below sea level.
  • The ocean floors are rough, with the largest mountain ranges in the world, deepest canals, and the most extensive plains.
  • Like the continents, these features are formed by the factors of depositional processes or tectonic and volcanic earthquakes.

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FAQs on Ocean Relief

  • Ocean relief or submarine relief is the relief feature on the ocean floor. The ocean water covers mixtures of landscapes like basins, plateaus, ridges, mountains, trenches, and canyons identical to its counterpart on the continents.

  • The part of the ocean floor that is important to human beings is the Continental shelf. It is the shallow stretching of the continent which is submerged. Continental shelves are greatly beneficial as they provide fishing grounds, sand, gravel, minerals, and many more such resources.

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