What is Horizontal Distribution of Power?

By meenakshi|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Horizontal distribution of power is the sharing of power among different bodies (organs) of the government, i.e., executive, legislative, and judiciary. It allows the three organs of the government at the same level to exercise different powers that restrict any organ from exercising unlimited power. This horizontal separation of power among different bodies is essential to attaining a crucial system of checks and balances.

Advantages of Horizontal Distribution of Power

India uses the horizontal distribution of power. Here are the advantages of the horizontal distribution of power-

  • Political stability- The political order is stable because of the horizontal distribution of power.  
  • Equal distribution of power- Powers are given to each organ so that they can work together and come to a final decision mutually. 
  • No conflicts- The horizontal distribution of power neutralizes the conflicts among various social groups.
  • Prevents unilateral decisions- Since each organ of the government has different powers, it limits the organs from making unilateral decisions. 
  • Better outcomes- In the horizontal distribution of power, every organ comes forward to frame the public policies. Thus, recommendations from all three bodies result in better outcomes.

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FAQs

  • The horizontal distribution of power is the equal distribution of power among different organs (legislative, executive, and judiciary) of the government, which is called the check and balance system.

  • The horizontal distribution of power is responsible for bringing in political stability and equal power distribution. It prevents unilateral decisions, and conflicts are less. Also, there are better outcomes.

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