Social Causes of the Russian Revolution
- The social causes of the Russian Revolution stemmed primarily from centuries of oppression of the lower classes by the tsarist regime and Nicholas's failures in World War I.
- While rural agrarian peasants were freed from serfdom in 1861, they were still reluctant to pay ransom to the State, demanding a municipal tender for the land they were working on.
- There was increasing peasant unrest and sometimes outright uprisings to secure ownership of their land.
- Russia consisted mostly of poor peasants, with 1.5% of the population owning 25% of the land.
- Between 1890 and 1910, the population of the capital, St. Petersburg, grew from 1,033,600 to 1,905,600, with Moscow experiencing similar growth.
- One survey in 1904 found that an average of sixteen people shared each apartment in St. Petersburg, with six people per room.
- There was no running water, and piles of human waste threatened the workers' health.
- The First World War then only added to the chaos. Conscription gripped the unwillingness in all parts of Russia.
- The demand for factory production of war supplies and workers caused much more labor unrest and strikes.
- The draft took away skilled workers to be replaced by unskilled peasants, and then when famine began, workers left the cities in droves in search of food.
- Finally, the soldiers, suffering from a lack of equipment and protection from the elements, were dissatisfied with Russia's miscalculation of the war.
- The social causes of the Russian Revolution stemmed primarily from centuries of oppression of the lower classes by the tsarist regime and Nicholas's failures in the First World War.
- Moreover, socialist ideas that challenged the status quo led the Russian people to revolt against the autocratic regime of the Tsar.
What are the social causes of the Russian Revolution?
The tsarist regime's centuries-long mistreatment of the lower classes and Nicholas's failings in World War I are the social causes of the Russian Revolution.
- Rural agricultural peasants were liberated from serfdom in 1861, yet they were hesitant to give the State a ransom.
- They requested that the land they worked on be put up for a municipal tender.