What are the Positive and Negative Effects of Urbanization?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : December 19th, 2022

The positive effects of urbanization include economic growth and education. However, crime, prostitution, drug abuse, and street children are all negative effects of urbanization. Urbanization emphasizes existing social services and infrastructure. It is the process through which cities grow, and a higher and higher percentage of the population comes to live in the city.

Positive and Negative Effects of Urbanization

Urbanization results in a reduction in the proportion of people living in rural areas and the way society adapts to this change. Following are the positive and negative effects of urbanization.

Positive Effects of Urbanization

The Positive Effects of Urbanization include:

  • Urbanization creates convenience
  • It provides better education and employment opportunities
  • Better economy
  • Citizens get a better social life
  • Better health services
  • Round-the-clock security and police are available

Negative Effects of Urbanization

The Negative Effects of Urbanization are:

  • Overcrowding results in the development of slums
  • Waste disposal problem
  • Poor air and water quality with insufficient water availability
  • High energy consumption
  • Urbanization causes housing problems
  • Sanitation problem
  • Unemployment, which sometimes leads to urban crime
  • Traffic congestion

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FAQs on Positive and Negative Effects of Urbanization

  • The positive effects of urbanization are the higher standards of living associated with better food, education, housing, and health care. In contrast, Negative effects of urbanization include poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions, communicable diseases, poor sanitation, etc.

  • The process through which cities grow and a higher percentage of the population comes to live in the city is called urbanisation. There are many advantages and disadvantages of urbanization that are mentioned in the article.

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