What are the Positive and Negative Effects of Urbanisation?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : June 28th, 2022

The Positive Effects of Urbanization include economic development and education. However, crime, prostitution, drug abuse, and street children are all Negative Effects of Urbanization. Urbanization places stress on existing social services and infrastructure.

Urbanization is the process through which cities grow, and higher and higher percentages of the population come to live in the city. It results in a corresponding decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas, and the ways in which societies adapt to this change. 

Positive Effects of Urbanization

The Positive Effects of Urbanization include:

  • Urbanization creates convenience
  • It provides better education and employment opportunities
  • Better economy
  • Citizens get a better social life
  • Better healthcare services
  • Security and police is available round the clock

Negative Effects of Urbanization

The Negative Effects of Urbanization include:

  • Overcrowding, results in the development of slums
  • Waste-disposal problems
  • Poor air and water quality with insufficient water availability
  • High energy consumption
  • Urbanization causes housing problems
  • Sanitization problems
  • Unemployment, which sometimes leads to urban crime
  • Traffic congestion

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What are the Positive and Negative Effects of Urbanization FAQs

  • Positives of urbanization includes higher standard of living associated with better food, education, housing, and health care. Urban growth generates revenues that fund infrastructure projects, reducing congestion and improving public health.

  • Negative effects of urbanization includes poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions and communicable diseases, poor sanitation and housing conditions, and related health conditions.

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