Arth Ganga Project: Important Features, Namami Ganga

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

The Central Government of India is planning for a transition of the Namami Ganga Project to the Arth Ganga Project for the sustainable development of the river Ganga and its riverine areas by focusing on economic and developmental activities related to the river Ganga. The Arth Ganga Project tries to use economics to bridge the country’s people with the river Ganga. In Article, we discussed the Arth Ganga Project, its features and its goals in detail.

In this article, we explained all the relevant information about Arth Ganga Project. It will be really useful for the competitive examinations. This is an important article for WBCS Prelims and Mains.

Arth Ganga Project

Why is Arth Ganga Project in the News?

Asok Kumar, the director of the National Mission for Clean Ganga, stated the Arth Ganga project during his formal virtual address to the World Water Week 2022 in Stockholm on August 24, 2022. Since 1991, the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) has been organizing World Water Week to address global water threats or concerns.

This is a critical article for candidates attempting the WBCS Exam or any other government exam in West Bengal. 

What is the Arth Ganga Project?

Prime Minister Narendra Modi firstly introduced the concept of Arth Ganga during the first National Ganga Council meeting at Kanpur in 2019, where he urged for a transition from Namami Ganga, the central government’s iconic project to clean the river, Ganga, to the model of Arth Ganga project. The Arth Ganga project mainly focused on the sustainable development of the river Ganga and its riverine areas by focusing on economic and developmental activities related to the river Ganga.

The Arth Ganga Project tries to use economics to bridge the country’s people with the river Ganga. During his formal address, Asok Kumar said that it helps to contribute at least 3% of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) from the Ganges Basin itself and added that the Arth Ganga project’s plans are by India’s commitments toward the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Features of Arth Ganga Project:

Under the Arth Ganga Project, the central government works on 6 verticals

  1. The first vertical is Zero Budget Natural Farming, which involves chemical-free farming or organic farming on 10 km on either riverine side of the river Ganga and promoting cow dung and organic wastes as fertilizers through the GOBARdhan scheme.
  2.  The Monetization and Reuse of Wastewater and Sludge are the second vertical, which reuses treated wastewater for industries, irrigation, and revenue generation for Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).
  3. Arth Ganga Project will also involve livelihood Generation or employment Opportunities by creating habitats where local people can sell medicinal plants, products, and Ayurveda. 
  4. The fourth vertical is to increase public participation in the project by increasing cooperation between the stakeholders involved with the Ganga river. 
  5. The Fifth Vertical: The Arth Ganga model also wants to promote and support the cultural heritage and tourism of Ganga and its riverine sides through boat riding, adventure sports, and conducting yoga activities on the riverine sides.
  6. The Sixth vertical: The Arth Ganga model seeks to promote and support the institutional system by empowering local administration for improved Ganges water governance.

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Namami Gange Programme

Essential facts about the Namami Gange Programme are provided here that will help candidates in WBCS preparation.

  • Namami Gange Programme is a Conservation Mission, considered the iconic Flagship Programme by the central government in June 2014, to achieve two objectives; effective control of pollution & Protection and rejuvenation of the National River Ganga.
  • It is controlled by the Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, ministry of Jal Shakthi.
  • The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is implementing the Namami Ganga program, and its state counterpart is State Program Management Groups (SPMGs).
  • National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is the implementing arm of the National Ganga Council.
  • It has a budget of Rs. 20,000-crore, a non-lapsable corpus, is centrally funded, and consists of nearly 288 associated projects.
  • The main pillars of the Namami program are:
    • Sewage Treatment Infrastructure
    • Afforestation
    • River-Front Development
    • Industrial Effluent Monitoring
    • Biodiversity
    • River-Surface Cleaning
    • Ganga Gramam
    • Public Awareness

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World Water Week:

Check the essential points of World Water Week below for WBCS exams.

  • World Water Week is an annual meeting on global water issues held in the last week of August, and it was started in 1991.
  • Formerly it was part of the water festival held in Stockholm.
  • Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) is the organizing body of the World Water Week event.
  • World Water Week is a chance to discuss the challenges like food security, energy, the climate crisis, and many other water-related topics.
  • It also discusses the water-related sustainable development Goals (SDGs) and water sanitation.
  • The theme for World Water Week this year is Seeing the Unseen: The Value of Water.

Current Affairs is an essential part of WBCS or other government job exams. If you want to stay updated on recent daily news, follow West Bengal Current Affairs.

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