Who was the Founder of Mughal Dynasty?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Babur founded the Mughal Dynasty in 1526. He followed in the footsteps of his ancestor Taimur. The Mughal dynasty lasted till 1650 and spanned the reigns of three emperors: Akbar, Jahangir, and Shah Jahan.

Founder of the Mughal Dynasty

Babur was born on 14th February 1483. He was the founder of the Mughal Dynasty, and his kingdom connected the major cities of Kabul, Lahore, Agra, and Delhi. Babur was succeeded by his son, Humayun, who lacked his father’s determination and military brilliance. Within ten years, Humayun was forced out of India by the Afghan Sher Shah Suri, who took over the Mughal territory and ruled in Delhi. Babur died in December 1530.

The title “Ghazi” was originally used by the Mughal emperor Babar. His writings were in Turkish. Through his father and mother, respectively, he was descended from Timur and Genghis Khan. The period of small kingdoms ended due to his expensive war strategies, which included powerful weaponry which these smaller nations could not afford.

He proposed that the state’s foundation should be the Crown’s dignity and power, not the involvement of any one religion. For his successors, this served as a precedent and direction.

  • Babur established the Mughal Empire in the year 1526 AD.
  • Between 1526 to 1530, he ruled India.
  • He was a Turkic-Mongol emperor who ruled over Central Asia.
  • On his mother’s and father’s sides, he was a descendant of Genghis Khan and Timur.
  • From the early sixteenth through the middle of the eighteenth centuries, the Turkic-Mongol Mughal Dynasty dominated the majority of northern India.


Who was the Founder of the Mughal Dynasty?

The founder of the Mughal dynasty was Babur. His rule lasted only for four years, but during that time, he built new buildings and laid out gardens in the geometric Iranian style. Barbur was a Central Asian Muslim prince who invaded the India.

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