When was the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) first used in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

In 1982, the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) was used for the first time in India in Kerala. The device used to conduct voting using electronic methods, either to help with or handle the tasks of casting and tallying votes, is known as an electronic voting machine (EVM). The government-owned Electronics Corporation of India and Bharat Electronics developed and tested it.

Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) in India

EVM is designed with two units: the balloting unit and the control unit. The presiding officer or the polling officer keeps the control unit of the EVM. On the other hand, the balloting unit facilitates voting for a voter. The balloting unit has labelled buttons. The control unit and the balloting unit are joined by a five-meter cable.

  • A.G. Rao and Ravi Poovaiah, two professors at IIT Bombay, created the EVM. The control unit and the voting unit are the two components of an EVM.
  • There is a five-meter cable connecting the two units.
  • While the control unit manages the ballot units, stores the vote totals, and displays the results on 7-segment LED displays, the ballot unit facilitates voting for a voter using labelled buttons.
  • The manufacturer permanently etched the operating programme into silicon when producing the controller used in EVMs.
  • Once the controller is made, nobody (not even the maker) can alter the programme.

Advantages of EVM:

There are certain benefits & limitations of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM). A few of the advantages of an EVM have been listed below:

  • It is estimated that EVM has saved about 10,000 tonnes of ballot paper.
  • EVMs are lighter, more portable and come with polypropylene carrying cases hence they are easier to transport compared to ballot boxes.

The limitations of the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) are:

  • A candidate can know the number of votes voted for him from a polling station.
  • The winning candidate might hold a grudge on specific areas or show favouritism.


When was the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) first used in India?

In Kerala, India, the EVM was first employed in 1982. An electronic voting machine is a device that is used to help with or handle the tasks of casting and tallying votes during elections using electronic methods (EVM).

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