What was the Aim of the Rowlatt Act?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Aim of the Rowlatt Act was to curtail the fundamental rights of Indian citizens. The Rowlatt Acts are legislation passed by the Imperial Legislative Council, the legislature of British India. These acts allowed some political cases to be heard by no jury and to house suspects without trial. Their goal was to replace the punitive provisions of the Defense of India War Act and the Permanent Rights.

What is the Rowlatt Act?

The Rowlatt Act was passed in response to what the government believed to be a threat from revolutionary nationalists to engage in similar plots to those that had taken place during the war if the Defense of India Act were to expire. The major objective was to suppress the political movements and activities of the Indians.

The Rowlatt Act, sometimes known as the “Black Act,” was enacted by the British government in 1919, amid the height of the First World War. He was given the Sir Sidney Rowlatt Committee Chairman’s name.

Aim of the Rowlatt Act

The purpose of executing this legislation was to put an end to the insurrection and discover the source of the Indian conspiracy against the British.

  • Any suspect may be kept for an indefinite period of time and arrested without a warrant.
  • When the Jallianwala Bagh protest was organized on April 13, 1919, General Dyer and his forces killed close to 1000 individuals and injured over 1200 more.


What was the Aim of the Rowlatt Act?

The Rowlatt Act aimed to curb the fundamental rights of the citizens of India. The objective is to suppress Indian political activities by providing powers to the government. The Rowlatt Act authorized the British to arrest anyone suspected of conspiracy against the British Raj and could be sentenced to imprisonment for up to 2 years without any court.

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