What is Doctrine of Repugnancy?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Doctrine of Repugnancy resolves discrepancies between the laws of the Center and the State, as and when they arise. It was introduced in the Constitution by Article 254. Our government is divided into three tiers- Centre, State, and Panchayati Raj. In a political system that separates law-making power between the state and the Centre, differences or discrepancies can arise. The principle of adversity was introduced in the constitution to resolve such situations.

Doctrine of Repugnancy

The Doctrine of Repugnancy comes under the provisions made by the introduction of Article 254. Repugnancy can be defined as an inconsistency or contradiction between two or more parts of a legal instrument. As defined by law, there are three conditions that a situation can become repugnant that can be handled under the doctrine of repugnancy. They are as follows:

  • There needs to be a direct inconsistency between the Central Act and the State Act.
  • The said inconsistency must be irreconcilable in nature.
  • The inconsistency between the provisions of the two Acts should bring a direct collision between them, where the following of one must mean the disobeying of the other.

According to Article 25, the principle of repugnancy affirms that if any part of the law of the state is in conflict with any part of the central law, the central law made by Parliament shall prevail and the law of the state shall be null, and void. will be considered.

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