What are IPC and CrPC?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The IPC and CrPC are the Indian Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure. Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. The Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) is the primary legislation on the procedure for the administration of criminal law in India. The IPC was drafted several years ago in the year 1860. Many amendments have been made till now to this code.

IPC and CrPC in India

IPC is the Indian Penal Code, 1860 which is the official criminal code of India. It objectively provides a common penal code to the entire nation. It lays out all the offenses for them, their definitions, and punishments in 511 sections divided into 23 chapters. Supplementing several Acts, it has been amended several times.

CrPC is the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1974 which acts as the main law on the procedure for regulation of criminal law in India. It provides details regarding the procedure for the investigation of offense, collection of evidence, punishment or imposition of punishment, etc.

  • It also sets out the hierarchy of competent courts to try criminal cases.
  • It can be said that the IPC covers all substantive crimes and their punishments.
  • CrPC covers the details of the procedure of all aspects involved in the administrative process of dealing with a crime.

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