The Rock which is made up of Molten Magma is

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The rock which is made up of molten magma is Igneous. Igneous rock or Magmatic rock is made up of the cooling and solidification of lava. Magma is obtained by the partial melting of present rocks in the earth’s crust. Magma can be derived from partial melts of existing rocks in Earth’s crust. The melting is caused by one or more of three processes: a rise in temperature, a drop in pressure, or a change in composition. Solidification into rock occurs either below the surface as intrusive rocks or on the surface called extrusive rocks.

Formation of Rock from Molten Magma

When the magma or molten rock cools down and crystallizes then it leads to the formation of igneous rocks. Magma is developed in the lower crust or upper mantle due to extreme heat. The composition and structure of igneous rocks vary a lot after they cool down. For example, two rocks from the same magma can be formed as granite or rhyolite. Igneous rocks are categorized into two main categories that are, Extrusive and Intrusive igneous rocks. Here is a brief about the two types of igneous rocks:

  • Extrusive igneous rocks: These rocks are formed on the Earth’s surface from lava. The extrusive igneous rocks are small crystals since they cool very quickly. Eg. Pumice, Basalt, Tuff, etc.
  • Intrusive igneous rocks: Such rocks crystallize inside the earth’s surface, i.e. in the crust. Thus, the formation of rocks is in large crystals as the cooling takes place slowly. Intrusive rocks are also called plutonic rocks. Diorite, pegmatite and granite, and are examples of intrusive igneous rocks.

Tick the correct answer. The rock which is made up of molten magma is A) Igneous B) Sedimentary C) Metamorphic D) None of these

Among the following options, the rock which is made up of molten magma is called the Igneous rock. Igneous rock is also known as a magmatic rock (because it is made of molten magma).

Igneous rocks are formed when magma or lava cools and solidifies. Magma can be obtained from partially molten rocks in the Earth’s crust or mantle. For example, diorite, granite, etc.

Types of Rocks

There are three types of rocks on the basis of origin. The three different types of rocks are Igneous rocks, Sedimentary rocks, and Metamorphic rocks. Igneous rock is a rock formed from molten magma. These are the rocks made from the cooling and solidification of lava. Let us see the differences between these three types of rocks.

Igneous Rocks Sedimentary Rocks Metamorphic Rocks

They are formed from molten magma coming from the surface of the Earth.

These are of two types.

The rock that forms large crystals beneath the earth’s surface, is called an intrusive igneous rock.

If the rocks erupt at the surface and form smaller crystals, it is called an extrusive igneous rock.

The rocks formed due to the deposition and subsequent cementation of material within water bodies and the earth’s surface by the sedimentation process are called sedimentary rocks.

On the basis of the sedimentation mechanism, there are three types-

clastic, chemical, and organic sedimentary rocks.

Rocks formed due to high temperature and pressure deep beneath the earth’s surface are called metamorphic rocks.

They make up most of the Earth’s crust.

These are further divided into leafy and non-leafy metamorphic rocks.


The Rock which is made up of Molten Magma is

The Igneous rock is made up of molten magma. Igneous rock is derived from the Latin word ‘ignis’ which means fire or igneous. There are two types of igneous rocks, extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks. Igneous rocks are one of the three major rock types, the others are metamorphic and sedimentary rocks.

Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium