Skill India Mission: Features, Objectives, Need, Schemes

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Skill India Mission is a Government Scheme that was launched in 2015. This mission has various skilling schemes covered under it. The goal of this mission is to enhance the skill of the youth that will make them eligible for various opportunities in the relevant sector. Skill India Mission also aims to improve the productivity of youth. India’s workforce readiness has been the lowest in the world, and the Skill India Mission has the ability to convert the young population into human capital.

By providing quality training programs, promoting industry collaboration, and encouraging skill certification, the Skill India Mission plays a pivotal role in transforming India’s workforce into a skilled and competitive asset. This article covers the features, objectives, and needs of the Skill India Mission, highlighting its impact on job creation, economic growth, and the overall socio-economic development of the nation.

What is Skill India Mission?

The advancement of technology has led to the creation of various types of jobs that require special skills. India is among one of the youngest nations in the world, as it has the average Indian is 29 years. India has the potential to convert this young population into human capital if given the right attention and education.

Skill India Mission Notes

As per the 2015 report of the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, only 4.7% of the total workforce of India has gone through formal skill training. The number of 52% in the US, 96% in South Korea, and 80% in Japan. That is where the need for the Skill India Mission arises. The Skill India Mission will improve the skill development administration in the country, which will enhance the skill of the youth and make them ready for various sectors of Indian economy.

Skill India Mission Objectives

The main objective of the Skill India Mission is to offer market-relevant skill training to more than 40 crore young people by the end of 2022.

  • This mission is all set to create ample opportunities for the development of talent in India for youth.
  • Skill India Mission will close the gap between the skill people possess and the skills required by the industries for their operation.
  • Reducing poverty in India
  • It would upskill the Indian youth to take on the world resources market.
  • Skill India Mission also aims to offer opportunities for lifelong learning and skill development.
  • Building skills in youth that would actually help them in their career rather than giving them mere qualifications.

Features of Skill India Mission

There have been various skills development programs in India previously. But here are some features of Skill India Mission that set it apart from the previous skill development government schemes.

  • Improve the employability of the youth so that they can get jobs and boost entrepreneurship among them.
  • New domains will be given importance under the Skill India Mission.
  • The training would be of international standards that would make the youth not only ready for India but also for international markets.
  • The course methods in Skill India Mission would be innovative and unconditional, which would make things easier and more interesting for the learner to learn.

Need of Skill India Mission

The unemployment rate has increased rapidly over the past few years. Lack of skills or experience makes it difficult for the youth to adapt to the changing needs of various industries and the marketplace.

  • As per the study of NSDC (Skill Development Council), there will be a need for around 12 crores of skilled manpower across 24 sectors by 2022.
  • Casual workers who contribute 90% of the labor force are poorly skilled, and they need adequate training. The ongoing upskilling programs don’t satisfy their needs.
  • To stay relevant in the market, people need to constantly upgrade their skills, and it becomes a big challenge for them.
  • The current institutes lack infrastructure.
  • The lack of quality trainers is also one of the major obstacles in training institutes.

Sub Schemes under Skill India Mission

The Skill India Mission is an umbrella mission that has multiple schemes under it with specialized focus areas. National Skill Development Mission (NSDM)- This mission was launched to create an end-to-end framework that would boost the sustainable livelihoods of the citizens and align them with the needs of potential employers.

  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) – This scheme aims to encourage the young population of the country to take training and make them ready for industry-relevant demands.
  • PM-YUVA – this is related to entrepreneurship training and education.
  • Skill Loan Scheme – This scheme gives loans ranging from INR 5000 to 1-5 lakhs for those who want to join skill development programs.
  • Other schemes – the ministry implements various schemes in the skill development domain like the ones we have mentioned above. One of the examples is Pradhan Mantri Yuva Udyamita Vikas Abhiyan (PM-YUVA).

Skill India Mission UPSC

Launched by the Government of India, the Skill India Mission aims to empower the nation’s youth by equipping them with relevant skills, fostering entrepreneurship, and promoting a culture of innovation. This topic is a part of both GS-2 and GS-3 UPSC syllabus, hence it must be covered comprehensively by the aspirants during their UPSC Mains exam preparation.

Understanding the importance of the Skill India Mission is crucial for aspirants as it encompasses themes of employment generation, inclusive growth, and aligning human capital with the demands of a rapidly evolving economy.

Skill India Mission MCQs

Question 1: Which ministry is responsible for implementing the Skill India Mission? a) Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship b) Ministry of Human Resource Development c) Ministry of Labour and Employment d) Ministry of Rural Development

Answer: a) Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

Question 2: When was the Skill India Mission launched? a) 2012 b) 2014 c) 2015 d) 2018

Answer: c) 2015

Question 3: What is the primary objective of the Skill India Mission? a) To promote entrepreneurship among youth b) To provide employment opportunities for rural population c) To enhance the employability of the youth through skill development d) To improve the quality of higher education in India

Answer: c) To enhance the employability of the youth through skill development

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