Kalinga was the Ancient Name of Bengal. True or False?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

This is false as Kalinga is the ancient name of Orissa or Odisha. Kalinga specifically referred to the Orissan coast between the Mahanadi and Godavari rivers. The name of Bengal, on the other hand, was derived from the ancient kingdoms of Banga or Vanga. The most common tongue is Kalinga, which also includes the dialects Balangao, Butbut, Limos, Lower Tanudan, Lubuagan, Mabaka, Madukayang, Southern Kalingan, and Upper Tanudan.

Kalinga: Ancient Name of Orissa

The ancient city of Kalinga is famous even today because it was conquered by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka. The war of Kalinga resulted in the loss of thousands of lives and led to Ashoka accepting Buddhism. The kingdom was important as it controlled all the trade routes with South-East Asia.

Since the time of the battle of Kurukshetra, Kalinga has been acknowledged as a strong kingdom. Srutayudha, king of the Kalinga, fought alongside the Kourava camp and was killed by Bhimasena alongside his two valiant sons, Bhanumana and Ketumana.

East-central India’s ancient territorial division is known as Kalinga. It corresponds to modern-day Madhya Pradesh, most of Odisha, northern Telangana, and northeastern Andhra Pradesh.


Kalinga was the Ancient Name of Bengal. True or False?

It is untrue to say that Bengal was known as Kalinga in the past. Actually, the modern states of Orissa and Odisha were known as Kalinga in antiquity. Furthermore, Banga or Vanga were the actual sources of Bengal’s ancient name.

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