How many times was the Citizenship Act 1955 Amended?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Citizenship Act 1955 was amended six times, i.e. in 1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2015, and 2019. The aim of the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019, was to grant Indian citizenship to illegal immigrants from Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Christian, Parsi, and Jain communities from countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.

Amendment of Citizenship Act 1955

Six amendments were made to the Citizenship Act of 1955. As per the 1986 amendment, for a person to qualify as an Indian citizen, at least one of the parents must be an Indian citizen at the time of birth. According to the 1992 amendment, a person born outside India on or after January 26, 1950, but before December 10, 1992, shall be a citizen of India by descent if his father is an Indian citizen at the time of his birth.

The 2003 amendment authorized the creation of a National Register of Citizens (NRC) and created the concept of “illegal immigrants”. The 2015 amendment effectively removed OCI and PIO and added to the idea of ​​an “Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder” (an “OCC”).

Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, Buddhists, and Christians who fled religious persecution in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan and immigrated to India before December 31, 2014, will be eligible for Indian citizenship under the 2019 amendment.

Citizenship Act 1955

The Citizenship Act of 1955 establishes guidelines for obtaining and determining Indian citizenship. This act, which was passed in 1955, also makes it possible for people who were once citizens of India but are currently citizens of any other country, to apply for an Overseas Citizen of India card.

Indian citizenship can be obtained in five different ways: through birth, descent, registration, naturalization (long-term residence in India), and the incorporation of a foreign territory.

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