Explain Lenin’s April Theses

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Lenin’s April thesis, also known as Aprelskiye Tezisy in Russian, was a set of three demands, put forward by Lenin, upon his return to Russia from exile. The April Thesis was published in April 1917 and was instrumental in the defeat of the Bolsheviks and the July Uprising. It is one of the most prominent political events of the twentieth century that shaped the political and social situation of Russia.

Lenin’s April Theses

Lenin believed that the two major Russian parties of the time could not coexist peacefully because they belonged to different classes. He believed that the Soviets should now take power. He gave the slogan “All power to the Soviet Union” at the Seventh All-Russian Conference, where his thesis was accepted as a program. Lenin’s April thesis made three major demands.

The three demands of Lenin which came to be known as the April thesis are listed below:

  • He wanted the First World War to end.
  • He demanded that all the land should be given to the farmers.
  • He demanded the nationalization of banks.

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