Endogenic and Exogenic Forces – Difference Between Endogenic and Exogenic Forces

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The difference between endogenic and exogenic forces is the direction or the origin of force applied to the Earth (internal or external). Endogenic and Exogenic forces are the geomorphic processes that bring changes in the earth’s surface internally and externally. Earth’s surface is not flat as it goes through a lot of formation and deformation. The earth’s crust is so uneven because of the influence of external and internal forces, known as exogenic and endogenic forces, respectively.

Difference Between Endogenic and Exogenic Forces PDF

Endogenic forces have after-effects that are observable only after it induces sudden deterioration. Exogenic forces produce visible transitions over millions of years. Read this article thoroughly to know the differences between endogenic and exogenic forces based on multiple factors such as meaning, nature of force, source of energy, etc. Also, check out the examples of Endogenic and Exogenic forces, which will support your understanding.

Difference Between Endogenic and Exogenic Forces

Both endogenic and exogenic forces are equally important because they are the reason behind the earth’s various landforms, such as hills, mountains, volcanos, and more. These two geomorphic pressures give shape to the earth’s surface by formation as well as deformation.

The following table contains the difference between endogenic and exogenic forces, which will help you to build a link between both processes.

Endogenic vs Exogenic Forces

Endogenic and Exogenic Forces

Endogenic Forces

Exogenic Forces

These are internal forces found in the core of the earth.

These external forces are caused by natural elements such as wind, water, and waves.

The sole creator of endogenic forces is the interior heat of the earth.

The reason behind exogenic forces is exogenic processes that include weathering, mass wasting, erosion, and so on.

These are called constructive forces as they help form the earth’s surface.

These are considered destructive forces because they are very likely to destroy the existing landforms of the earth through erosion, weathering, and other ways.

The after-effects of such forces are visible shortly because they cause immediate damage.

The after-effects are visible after thousands and millions of years.

Examples: Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and mountain formation.

Examples: Winds, rivers, glaciers, erosion, the moon’s tidal force, etc.

What are Exogenic and Endogenic Forces?

Endogenic and Exogenic forces are the forces developed in the Structure of Earth. Endogenic forces are internal forces that pull their force from Earth’s interior, whereas Exogenic forces are external forces that pull their force from the Earth’s outer atmosphere.

Endogenic and Exogenic Processes Examples

Endogenic and exogenic forces are also referred to as internal and external forces. The examples of endogenic and exogenous processes are listed below:

Examples of Endogenic Forces

Exogenic Forces Examples



Volcanic eruptions



Tidal force of the Moon

Mountain formation

Sea waves


What are Endogenic Forces?

‘Endo’ is a prefix that means ‘in’. Endogenic forces are the pressure that originates inside the earth, which is why they are also regarded as internal forces. Endogenic forces result in Earthquakes, volcanism, faulting, folding, etc., leading to horizontal and vertical movements.

  • These forces are the results of radioactivity, primordial heat, and tidal and rotational friction, and they play a crucial role in the formation of the earth’s crust.
  • Endogenic forces are also called constructive forces as they establish relief features on the Earth’s surface.
  • These exist in two forms: Slow movements and Sudden motions.
  • Slow movements take place over a long time and are non-noticeable.
  • On the other hand, sudden movements such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are visible and cause a sudden change in the landform.

What are Exogenic Forces?

‘Exo’ is a prefix that means ‘out’. Exogenic forces, also known as external forces, are the ones that arise within the Atmosphere of the earth. The result of exogenic forces destroys the earth’s surface by causing land to wear down, which is why they are regarded as “land-wearing forces”.

Exogenic processes, such as weathering, deposition, erosion, etc., are the creators of exogenic pressures.


Key Difference Between Endogenic and Exogenic Forces

The key Difference Between Endogenic and Exogenic Forces is that Endogenic forces are the pressure within the earth, which contribute to horizontal and vertical movements and lead to land upliftment, faulting, earthquakes, etc. On the other hand, Exogenic forces occur outside the Earth and include erosion and the moon’s tidal force.

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