Arithmetic Questions for CAT: Books, Types, Download Sample PDF

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 13th, 2023

Arithmetic Questions for CAT are important for the candidates aspiring to take the CAT. As per the exam trends, CAT Arithmetic Questions carry maximum weightage in the exam. The CAT Authority asked the maximum number of questions from this chapter. So, if the candidates practice Arithmetic Questions for CAT regularly, they will be able to score well in the Quantitative Ability section of CAT exam.

The difficulty level of CAT Arithmetic Questions is easy-moderate. The number of Arithmetic Questions for CAT asked is generally 8-10 in the exam. In this article, BYJU’S Exam Prep experts have mentioned all the details about CAT Arithmetic Questions asked in the exam, along with topics covered, practice questions and more.

What are Arithmetic Questions for CAT?

In general, Arithmetic questions include basically addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, percentage problems, fraction, decimals, equivalences, and estimation problems. CAT Arithmetic Questions consist of both MCQ and Non-MCQ questions. As per the last year’s CAT Exam Analysis, the majority of the questions were asked from Arithmetic Questions for CAT. In last year CAT Exam, it was observed that Arithmetic and Algebra dominated the Quantitative Ability for CAT.

CAT Arithmetic Questions Weightage

The candidates must know how many questions they have to answer from each topic under Arithmetic for CAT on the exam date. Note the table below to get an idea of the approximate number of Arithmetic Questions for CAT, that can be asked by the authority.


CAT Arithmetic Questions (Approx Number)







Arithmetic Questions for CAT Sample

There are various topics under CAT Arithmetic Questions, for example, percentage, profit and loss, ratio, and proportion, simple interest and compound interest, etc. Following are some examples of Arithmetic Questions for CAT that will give an idea of the questions asked in the exam.

Question 1: The cost of 4 pairs of trousers and 3 shirts is Rs. 282. The cost price of the shirt is Rs. 4 less than the price of the trouser. What is the difference between the cost of 9 pairs of trousers and 7 shirts?

Answer: 112

Explanation: Let the cost price of trousers and shirt be Rs. T and Rs. S respectively.

4T + 3S = 282…..(1)

T = S + 4…….(2)

By solving equations (1) and (2):

S = 38, T = 42

Required Difference = 42 × 9 – 38 × 7 = 112

Question 2: A question paper consists of 50 questions. Each correct answer fetches three marks, and one mark is deducted for each wrong answer. A student who attempted all the questions scored 90 marks. Find the number of questions answered correctly by him.

Answer: 35

Explanation: Let the number of questions answered correctly be x.

Then, (50 – x) questions were answered wrong.

Total marks scored by the student = x × 3 – (50 – x) × 1 = 90

⇒ x = 35.

Question 3: The ratio of males to females in a village is 5:4, and the difference between the number of males and females is 336. Find the population of the village.

Answer: 3024


Question 4: In how many years will be the principal of Rs. 1000 will give an interest of Rs. 200 at an interest rate of 5%?

Answer: 4

Explanation: Principal = Rs. 1000

At 5% interest rate, interest per year = Rs. 50

Number of years required for Rs. 200 interest = 200 ÷ 50 = 4

Question 5: Six years hence, the age of A would be 5/6th of the age of B. 4 years ago, the ages of A and B were in the ratio of 10: 13. What is the present age of C, who is 5 years elder to A?

Answer: 29 years


CAT Arithmetic Questions PDF Download

In total, 22 questions are asked from the quantitative ability section of CAT exam and out of these, 8-10 questions are asked from Arithmetic. As Arithmetic Questions for CAT carry the maximum weightage, the candidates should practice these questions daily. The more they practice, the better clarity they will get about the types of CAT Arithmetic Questions asked. Aspiring CAT exam candidates can refer to the below-given Arithmetic Questions for PDF:

Download CAT Arithmetic Questions Sample PDF

Types of Arithmetic Questions for CAT

CAT Arithmetic Questions are an important part of the CAT exam. There are various topics under Arithmetic Questions for CAT. All the topics under Arithmetic are important as 8-10 questions are asked from this topic in the CAT exam. The candidates can expect the following types of Arithmetic Questions for CAT:

  • Time, Speed, and Distance
  • Percentages and Average
  • Time and Work, Pipes and Cisterns
  • Simple Interest and Compound Interest
  • Ratio, Proportion, and Variation
  • Profit, Loss, Discount
  • Mixtures and Allegations

Books to Follow to Prepare CAT Arithmetic Questions

As Arithmetic Questions for CAT and Algebra carry maximum weightage in the exam, candidates need to prepare from the best books and study material on the said topic. Candidates can refer to the BYJU’S Exam Prep App for detailed study notes to ace the Quantitative Ability section. Also, they can refer to the CAT Books curated by our experts from IIMs.

Arithmetic Questions for CAT Books

Author’s Name

NCERT Mathematics Books (Class 6 to 10)


How to Prepare for Quantitative Aptitude for the CAT

Arun Sharma

Quantitative Aptitude Quantum CAT

Sarvesh Sharma

Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Examinations

Abhijit Guha

Quantitative Aptitude for CAT

Nishit Sinha

How to Prepare for Arithmetic Questions for CAT?

Before starting CAT Preparation for Arithmetic questions, the candidates should have complete knowledge of the following points:

  • Topics covered under Arithmetic Questions for CAT
  • The number of CAT Arithmetic Questions asked
  • Types of the questions asked in the CAT Exam.

Following are some tips to prepare for Arithmetic Questions for CAT:

  • It is suggested that the candidates should start with the basics of Arithmetic Questions for CAT first and then move on to the complicated questions.
  • The candidates should regularly practice and analyse mocks and previous year’s question papers. This will help them to solve Arithmetic Questions for CAT accurately.
  • The candidates need to learn multiplication tables, square roots, and cube roots for smooth calculation. This will help them to solve CAT Arithmetic Questions quickly and accurately.

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