Difference between Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha | Lok Sabha vs Vidhan Sabha

By K Balaji|Updated : September 27th, 2022

The difference between Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha is crucial to understand to have a clear idea of India’s legislative, executive and judicial systems. Vidhan Sabha, also known as the State Legislative Assembly, is the lower house in states with a bicameral legislature. In states with unicameral legislature, it is the sole house. Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament which is also known as the House of the People because its members are directly elected by the general elections.

There are three types of legislatures in the central government system in India, namely, Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha, and Rajya Sabha. All three are legislative decision-making bodies, but there are some differences between them. When Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Parliament, there is often some confusion regarding the difference between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha.

Difference Between Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha

It is important to know the difference between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha to clearly understand all three types of legislatures in the Indian central government system, namely, Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha, and Rajya Sabha. The Constitution of India clearly states that Vidhan Sabha should not have less than 60 members and more than 500 members, and there are 552 seats in Lok Sabha.

Difference Between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha PDF

Check the difference between Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha tabulated below:

Lok Sabha vs Vidhan Sabha

Lok Sabha

Vidhan Sabha

Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Indian Parliament.

The Vidhan Sabha is the legislative body of Indian States and Union Territories.

The Constitution of India has allocated 552 seats to Lok Sabha.

The Constitution of India clearly states that Vidhan Sabha should not have less than 60 members and more than 500 members.

In a state of emergency, the President of India can dissolve the Lok Sabha.

At the request of the Chief Minister, the Governor of any state can dissolve Vidhan Sabha during an emergency.

A motion of no confidence can be passed against the central government in Lok Sabha.

A motion of no confidence can be passed against the state government in Vidhan Sabha.

During an emergency, if the Lok Sabha is dissolved, Rajya Sabha becomes the parliamentary authority.

During an emergency, Vidhan Sabha has the authority to dissolve the Vidhan Parishad.

Lok Sabha has the authority to sanction, revise, and abolish laws at a central level.

Vidhan Sabha has the authority to sanction, revise, and abolish laws at a state level only.

What is Lok Sabha?

Some salient features of the Lok Sabha are as follows:

  • It is the lower house of the Indian Parliament.
  • All the members in Lok Sabha are called MPs, i.e., the members of Parliament.
  • Each of these members of Parliament is elected from different states and union territories of the country.
  • The President nominates two members from the Anglo-Indian community to the Lok Sabha.
  • Each member of Parliament should be an Indian citizen and above 25 years of age.
  • Elections for Lok Sabha are held every five years.
  • According to the Constitution of India, there are 552 seats in Lok Sabha.

What is Vidhan Sabha?

Vidhan Sabha operates at the level of states and UTs. It has the power to form or dissolve Vidhan Parishad with a resolution having a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members.

  • It is the legislative body of Indian States and Union Territories.
  • Vidhan Sabha is also known as the State Legislative Assembly.
  • It is the sole legislative body in 28 states and three union territories. In the remaining states and union territories, it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures
  • All the members of the Vidhan Sabha are called MLA, i.e., members of the legislative assembly.
  • Each MLA is directly elected for a term of 5 years.
  • The Constitution of India clearly states that Vidhan Sabha should not have less than 60 members and more than 500 members.
  • However, there are some exceptions for Sikkim, Mizoram, Goa, and the union territory of Puducherry. These states and union territories have less than 60 MLAs.

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FAQs on Difference between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

  • The difference between Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha is that Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Indian Parliament, having 552 seats in total, whereas Vidhan Sabha is the legislative body of Indian States and Union Territories. Chief Minister is the head of the Vidhan Sabha, while Prime Minister is the head of the Lok Sabha.

  • Vidhan Sabha is also known as the State Legislative Assembly. As per the Indian Constitution, there should not be less than 60 members and more than 500 members in the Vidhan Sabha except for a few states and UTs such as Sikkim, Goa, Puducherry, and Mizoram, where there are less than 60 MLAs.

  • The major difference between a state legislative assembly (Vidhan sabha) and the Parliament (Lok sabha) is that Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament and works on a country level. While Vidhan Sabha is the Legislative Assembly of states and UTs, which is formed to discuss matters related to the concerned state or UT.

  • No, Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha are different from each other. Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament which is bicameral in nature, while Vidhan Sabha is the state legislative assembly which is the sole house in states with a unicameral legislature and the lower house in states with a bicameral legislature.

  • Lok Sabha is the House of the People or the lower house of the Parliament. The members of Lok Sabha are called Members of Parliament or MPs. They are elected through the general elections held after every 5 years. The leader of the ruling party of the Central Government is the head of the Lok Sabha.

  • The alternative names for Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha are listed below:

    • Vidhan Sabha is known as the Legislative Assembly of the states and UTs, or Saasana Sabha.
    • Lok Sabha is also known as the House of the People or Lower House of Parliament.
  • Some powers are allocated to both Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha, which are as follows:

    • Money bills are first introduced in Lok Sabha. If passed, they move to Rajya Sabha for 14 days of deliberation.
    • On a state level, money bills are introduced in Vidhan Sabha. In the bicameral legislature, they are moved for 14 days of deliberation to Vidhan Council.
  • Yes, the numbers of seats are different in Vidhan Sabha and Lok Sabha. As per the Indian Constitution, there are 552 seats in Lok Sabha. In Vidhan Sabha, the number of members should not be less than 60 and more than 500 except for a few exceptions for states and UTs with less population, such as Goa, Mizoram, Sikkim, and Puducherry.

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