Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency
The key difference between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency is that the mandate to investigate offences is not given to IB but to Investigation Agency. Both agencies play a big role in safeguarding the nation. The following table focuses on the comparison between the two agencies.
Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency Comparison
|Intelligence Agency vs Investigation Agency|
Type of Agency
Intelligence Bureau (IB)
Research and Analysis Wing (RAW)
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)
National Investigation Agency (NIA)
Research and analysis of intel
Carry out arrests and interrogations
Can investigate any occurrence that is classified as a crime under Indian Law
Power to Arrest
Cannot arrest or interrogate
Can carry out arrests
Provide intel for other agencies
Keep an eye on suspicious activities and people
It obtains intelligence from humans, electronic devices, and covert informers.
Murders or homicides
Terrorism (NIA solely works on anti-terrorism-related probes)
Ways of working
Intelligence agencies use overt and covert means to work on operations.
Do not work covertly
Intelligence and Investigation Agencies of India
Intelligence and investigation agencies both are important for a nation. Nations develop intelligence and investigation agencies to protect themselves from internal and external threats.
There is a stark Difference Between Intelligence Agency and Investigation Agency. Intelligence agencies collect intel or information while the investigation agencies take action on the information.
The Intelligence Bureau can be traced back to British rule in India. After the first war of independence in 1857, the intelligence group was formed to keep an eye on developments of revolt among the soldiers. It was established in 1887 as the Central Special Branch following independence. RAW was established in 1968 as an external research and intelligence agency.
Some of the important intelligence agencies include the Intelligence Bureau (IB), National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID), and Research and Analysis Wing (RAW).
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the National Investigation Agency (NIA) are the investigation agencies. Investigation agencies like the CBI are responsible for investigating crimes and arresting people involved in unlawful activities.
The different branches of CBI include the Anti-Corruption Division, Special Crimes Division, Directorate of Prosecution, Economic Offences Division, Policy and Coordination Division, Administration Division, and Central Forensic Science Laboratory.