Difference Between Dengue and Malaria

By K Balaji|Updated : January 23rd, 2023

The main difference between dengue and malaria is based on the different physiological effects on the body. Malaria and dengue fever are two significant public health problems that annually afflict many people in India. Dengue is a tropical disease more widespread in urban establishments, while Malaria is a fatal blood disease found in rural environments.

Difference Between Dengue and Malaria PDF

Dengue mosquitoes are active during the day (two hours after sunrise and some hours before sunset), while Malaria mosquitoes are active at night ( between 9 pm and 5 am). The difference between dengue and malaria is that Anopheles, a female mosquito, is the carrier of malaria, while Aedes aegypti, a male mosquito, is the carrier of dengue. Let us discuss the difference between dengue and malaria, their symptoms, and more.

Table of Content

Difference Between Dengue and Malaria

Malaria and Dengue are the most common in tropical areas where particular mosquitoes usually breed. A single bite from either mosquitoes can endanger an otherwise healthy person’s life.

Hence preventive measures must be ensured, and in case of an event where an individual endures a bite, immediate medical attention is required.

Dengue vs Malaria

Let us check the difference between dengue and malaria mentioned in the table below.

Difference Between Dengue and Malaria

Dengue

Malaria

The spread of Dengue is time-bound in the early morning or during dusk.

It spreads through the bite of the Aedes mosquito, which transmits infected blood from person to person.

Plasmodium, a single-celled parasite, causes Malaria.

It is transmitted through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito.

Symptoms of Dengue include rashes anywhere on the body, swollen glands, experiencing pain right behind the eyes, nausea or vomiting, joint and muscle pains, and severe headaches.

Symptoms of Malaria include frequent headaches, fever coupled with chills, unbridled fatigue and muscle ache, nausea and vomiting tendencies, and diarrhoea.

During Dengue, WBCs die at a very fast rate, often resulting in the staggering depletion of platelets in the body.

During malaria, the RBCs in the body die rapidly, resulting in the spleen being unable to keep up.

In this instance, organ failure can take place.

Unlike Malaria, Dengue is a viral infection with no absolute cure.

But there are cures to treat the symptoms it accompanies.

A vaccine called the RTS S is also available to reduce the life-threatening consequences of Malaria.

All the prescriptions written for the treatment of Malaria refer to dosages of medicines directed to killing the parasite inside the body.

Dengue and Malaria

Numerous Indians around the nation are at serious risk of death from dengue and malaria, which are significant public health concerns in India. Most medications used to treat dengue and malaria aim to kill the parasites that the diseases produce in your blood.

Below we have provided the difference between dengue and malaria and a basic introduction to them.

What is Malaria?

Plasmodium, a single-celled parasite, causes Malaria. It is transmitted through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. Individuals notice the symptoms of Malaria 8-25 days after the mosquito bite.

Symptoms of Malaria include frequent headaches, fever coupled with chills, unbridled fatigue and muscle ache, nausea and vomiting tendencies, diarrhoea, rapid breathing and accelerating heart rate.

The signs of malaria are given below:

  • Upper left abdomen pains
  • Feeling full without eating much
  • Intense and frequent infections and continued fatigue
  • Temperatures rapidly rise above 40 degrees C, followed by chills and sweating.

What is Dengue?

The bite of the Aedes mosquito, which transmits infected blood from person to person, causes Dengue. The virus is capable of destroying the bone marrow. Throbbing headaches are a result of internal bleeding arising out of capillary bursts.

Extreme Symptoms of Dengue that are Life-Threatening. Symptoms of Dengue include rashes anywhere on the body, swollen glands, experiencing pain right behind the eyes, nausea or vomiting, joint and muscle aches, and severe headaches.

The signs of dengue are given below:

  • Regular headaches
  • Blood present in stool, vomit, or urine
  • Skin bruises (which imply bleeding under the skin)
  • Extra fatigue, restlessness, and irritability
  • A bleeding nose or gums
  • Uncontrolled rapid breathing
  • Such regular headaches may be followed by unbearable throbbing and pain.

The warning signs for dengue are more noticeable than those of Malaria. Once you detect such uncommon symptoms, you must take immediate medical attention.

Preventive Measures for Dengue and Malaria

Both dengue and malaria are caused due to mosquito bites, so the most important measure to fight against these diseases is to avoid mosquito bites. Some other preventive measures for dengue and malaria are given below.

  • Make sure to dress appropriately by donning long pants and full-sleeve shirts.
  • Install nets on the windows and doors to prevent mosquitoes from entering your house or workplace.
  • Maintain a tidy and clean environment around your home to prevent mosquitoes from breeding there.
  • Removing the breeding grounds for mosquitoes by draining standing water from barrels, buckets, and plant pots.
  • Use insect repellents.

Summary:

Key Difference Between Dengue and Malaria

The key difference between Dengue and Malaria is that Dengue is a tropical disease caused by the dengue virus, whereas, Malaria is a deadly blood disease induced by a protozoan parasite.

Important Topics
Difference Between Secretary and Joint SecretaryDifference Between Art and Culture
Difference Between Constitutional Body and Statutory BodyDifference Between Asian and African Elephants
Difference Between Vedas and PuranasDifference Between Cess and Surcharge
Difference Between Vote On Account and Interim BudgetDifference Between Constitution and Constitutionalism

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on Difference Between Dengue and Malaria

  • The difference between dengue and malaria is that Plasmodium, a single-celled parasite, causes malaria, and the Aedes mosquito causes dengue. Dengue is a tropical disease, whereas Malaria is a fatal blood disease. 

  • The WHO estimates that there are now more than 435,000 cases of malaria-related deaths each year, and dengue is one of the most severe and quickly spreading viral infections carried by mosquitoes.

  • The difference between dengue and malaria is that during malaria, the RBCs in the body die rapidly, whereas, during dengue, WBCs die at a very fast rate. Malaria can also lead to organ failure.

  • The difference between dengue and malaria is that while a vaccine called the RTS S is available to treat malaria, dengue cannot be treated directly. Dengue is more widespread in urban establishments, while Malaria cases are found in rural environments.

  • Dengue mosquitoes are active during the day (two hours after sunrise and some hours before sunset), while Malaria mosquitoes are active at night ( between 9 pm and 5 am). Symptoms of dengue include impulsive fever, headache, and burning eyes, whereas symptoms of malaria are fevers (periodic), vomiting, chills, etc.

  • Several preventive measures can prevent Dengue and Malaria from spreading, including using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved clothes, and controlling mosquitoes in and out of your dwelling. One can clear the breeding grounds for mosquitoes by emptying standing water from buckets, casks, and plant pots.

  • The difference between dengue and malaria in terms of symptoms is that while the symptoms of malaria include frequent headaches, fever coupled with chills, unbridled fatigue and muscle ache, the symptoms of dengue are rashes anywhere on the body, swollen glands, and nausea or vomiting.

Follow us for latest updates