Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The difference between statutory and quasi judicial bodies is that statutory bodies function in their own judicial autonomy; a quasi-judicial body is only allowed to function within the ambit specified by the appointing authority. It helps to take some of the caseloads off of the courts.

Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies PDF

The bodies that enforce, administer and listen to and consider the matters about law and order are called judicial bodies. The difference between statutory and quasi-judicial bodies is based on the various levels of autonomy and modes of operation of every such body that maintains the law. Let us check the differences between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies in detail.

Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

Statutory bodies are organizations created by the government to evaluate information and render decisions in a particular field of activity. They are shaped by an Act of Parliament or state legislatures.

Although they are not courts, quasi-judicial bodies are institutions with authority similar to law-enforcing bodies. The following table clearly explains the difference between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies.

Quasi Judicial Body vs Statutory Body

Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

Statutory Body

Quasi Judicial Bodies

A statutory body can be considered a corporate body with its own full autonomy.

A quasi-judicial body isn’t fully autonomous; it operates under restrictions as stipulated by the agency that appoints it.

Statutory bodies have the power and authority to enact laws if the situation and conditions demand it.

Quasi-judicial bodies merely solve disputes and operate under the ambit of existing laws.

An example of a statutory body in India is the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC). Other examples are:

Central Information Commission (CIC)

Unique Identification Development Authority of India (UIDAI)

A quasi judicial body example in India is the Railway Claims Tribunal. Other examples are:

Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG)

National Green Tribunal

Statutory bodies are not mentioned in the Constitution of India; therefore, they can be called non-constitutional bodies.

Quasi-judicial bodies act as a court of law that takes some burden off the actual courts.

An individual can also be a quasi-judicial body appointed by a suitable authority.

Departments or domains do not limit statutory bodies to operate and administer the law to the citizens.

They hear cases about everything.

A quasi-judicial body is only concerned with the domain it has been appointed for.

For example, the Railway Claims Tribunal is appointed to hear cases of railway claims only.

It cannot hear or handle other matters of law.

Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

The purpose behind instating various types of bodies that can settle disputes, hear cases and administer the law is to maintain order in their jurisdiction’s region. Below we have provided the difference between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies, along with a brief introduction.

What is a Statutory Body?

A statutory body is a judicial body instated by the State or the Central government to oversee law enforcement and hear the issues through legal hearings if a law has been broken or if there is a civil issue.

  • Additionally, statutory bodies can also enact laws.
  • Statutory bodies can decide and establish laws for their respective states or nations.
  • Legislation, or the process of enacting laws, is authorized by a statutory body.
  • To create this body, a cabinet decision must be adopted.

What is Quasi Judicial Body?

The word Quasi means Apparently or Seemingly (in simpler words, something that may not be the case). Thus, Quasi Judicial meaning is that it acts as a body or a tribunal authorized to hear certain matters as a representative of the actual judicial body.

  • Quasi-judicial bodies can only work on existing laws, not enact them.
  • A quasi-judicial body needs factual findings to arrive at legal conclusions that support the ruling.
  • They typically rely on a predetermined set of guidelines or criteria to establish the nature and seriousness of the requested permission or relief or the offence committed.
  • Decisions of a quasi-judicial body are frequently legally enforceable in accordance with a jurisdiction’s rules; they can be contested in court, which serves as the final authority of disputes.


Key Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

The key Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies is that a statutory body can be viewed as a corporate body with its own full independence, while Quasi Judicial Bodies work under constraints as prescribed by the agency which establishes it.

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