Tropical Evergreen Forest In India

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 23, 2022, 8:21

Tropical Evergreen forests are lush green forest areas essential for our environment and wildlife. These forests flourish in the regions that receive more than 200 cm rainfall and are known for providing natural habitat to large species of birds, animals and insects.

Tropical Evergreen Forest In India includes the Western Ghats, forest areas in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the greater Assam region, Odisha, Kerala and Karnataka.

Read on to know more about the tropical rainforests, which offer a haven for wild animals and plants in the forest ecosystem.

Characteristics of Tropical Evergreen Forest In India

The key characteristics of Tropical Evergreen Forest In India are as follows:

  • Evergreen forests are found mainly near the equator, and in India, near tropical areas, including marshes, riverbeds and regions with a large rainfall.
  • Tropical evergreen forests occupy 7% of the surface on earth and are also abundant in India.
  • Tropical evergreen forests are usually in areas with more than 200 cm of rainfall and have a temperature of 15-30 degrees Celcius.
  • These forests can be extremely dense and multi-layered, with a few areas being so dense that the forest floor hardly receives any sunlight due to the engulfing leaves and large trees.
  • These forests form an essential component of Forest Biology and harbour a wide ecosystem of plants, animals and exotic insects. Some species found in these forests are not found anywhere else, making it integral to protect and nurture these habitats.

Tropical Evergreen Forest In India - Animal Species

Tropical Evergreen Forest In India has rich wildlife and trees that can grow to reach a few hundred feet. These big trees with dense leaves and vegetation offer an ideal place for animals and birds.

Typical animal species that are found in Tropical Evergreen Forest In India include -

  • Elephants
  • Monkeys
  • Lemurs
  • Sloths
  • Bears
  • Deers
  • One-Horned Rhino (Assam, West Bengal)
  • Bats
  • Snails
  • Indian Pythons
  • King Cobras
  • Tigers
  • Malabar Giant Squirrels
  • Innumerable endangered birds, which include owls, vultures, eagles, hawks and more

Tropical Evergreen Forest In India - Plant Species

Some of the trees and plant species found in Tropical Evergreen Forest In India include -

  • White Cedar
  • Chestnut
  • Teak
  • Mango
  • Mahagony
  • Jamun
  • Ebony
  • Agar
  • Bamboo
  • Rosewood
  • Rubber Chinchona

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Geographical Location of Tropical Evergreen Forest In India

Tropical Evergreen Forest In India once covered a vast landmass and was known for its dense vegetation and abundant wildlife.

However, with increasing human activity, these forests are now limited to a delta of rivers like Ganga, Godavari, Mahanadi, Yamuna and others. The forests in the Western Ghats cover the areas in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Goa and parts of Tamil Nadu.

The mangroves in the Sunderban forests of Ganga delta (West Bengal) are one of the largest tidal forests in the world, and the name comes from the Sundari tree that is found in its muddy areas.

Other tropical evergreen forest areas are the impenetrable jungles in Andaman and Nicobar islands, which harbour mangroves. There are also dense tropical forests in Assam, Odisha, Meghalaya, Tripura, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.

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Tropical Evergreen Forest In India - Overview

Tropical Evergreen Forest In India is integral for the wildlife ecosystem, especially for endangered species, including indigenous birds like owls, hawks, cardinals and mammals like possums, racoons, deers and others. There are also several trees and medicinal herbs only available in these forests.

In addition, evergreen forests help preserve our environment as they harbour innumerable trees that give out oxygen and take in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

However, with increasing human to animal conflict and infiltration in forest areas, many tropical evergreen forests are now semi-evergreen. To protect our precious wildlife and forests, we need strict protocols and curbs to human activities in these regions to ensure that our forests thrive again!

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FAQs on Tropical Evergreen Forest In India

Q1. Where is Tropical Evergreen Forest In India Found?

Tropical Evergreen Forest In India are found in the following states:

  • Tamil Nadu
  • Kerala
  • Karnataka
  • Maharashtra
  • Assam
  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Nagaland
  • Tripura
  • Meghalaya
  • West Bengal
  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Q2. Which state has the highest number of Tropical Evergreen Forest In India?

The states of Kerala and Karnataka have the highest number of Tropical Evergreen Forest In India.

Q3. Where do we find Tropical Evergreen Forest In India?

Tropical Evergreen Forest In India is primarily found in areas within the tropics, that is, in areas where the air temperatures are relatively high and rainfall is greater than 200 mm per year. The biggest tropical evergreen forests are found in South America, South-East Asia, the Indonesian archipelago, Borneo, Papua New Guinea and parts of Africa.

Q4. Why is Tropical Evergreen Forest In India always green?

The trees in Tropical Evergreen Forest In India shed their leaves only for about six to eight weeks and always appear green as they do not shed their leaves simultaneously. Thus, they are called evergreen forests.