International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 29, 2022, 7:36

Many women in the world undergo painful injuries that harm them physically and emotionally. Female genital mutilation involves changing, mutilating, or injuring the female genitalia without any medical reasons. The act is recognized as a violation of human rights. The current pandemic has worsened the situation for many women and girls worldwide. The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is observed to enhance awareness about the risks associated with female genital mutilation and the threat it causes to the health of women.

International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation History

There is a high prevalence of female genital mutilation in some countries like Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America. The brutal practice of female genital mutilation is also rampant in the immigrant populations of several countries. Globally around 4.2 million girls are at the risk of undergoing female genital mutilation.

Keeping this threat to female health in mind, organizations have come forward and adopted ways that bring awareness to the impact of female genital mutilation leading to the abolishing of such practices. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) together started the most extensive program to end the practice of female genital mutilation. The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation was first initiated in 2012 and observed every year on the 6th of February. The goal of observing the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is to pressure the cultures practising such acts to stop.

Some Facts about the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation

  • There are around 200 million women and girls worldwide who have gone through the tormenting practice of some form of female genital mutilation.
  • Female genital mutilation is commonly practised in girls from infancy to around 15 years.
  • If female genital mutilation continues, around 15 million more girls will become prey to the practice by 2030.
  • Countries with a high prevalence of female genital mutilation include Somalia, Guinea, and Djibouti.
  • Women and girls who have undergone any form of female genital mutilation experience the development of infections, pain, bleeding, menstruation issues, development of cysts, complications in childbirth, and infertility.
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International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation Theme

The 2022 theme for the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation aims at enhancing investment to end female genital mutilation. The theme “Accelerating Investment to End FGM” seeks to increase the voluntary and financial support for helping the women and girls in need. This financial support can not only assist the health needs of women but also develop strict laws that condemn such practices. Further, the funding will also be used for working on research that can strengthen the plan for eradicating female genital mutilation.

The practise of female genital mutilation (FGM) is an offensive act and a violation of the human rights of women and girls. People worldwide need to understand the downsides of the practice on women's health. The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is an effort to eradicate female genital mutilation worldwide.

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FAQs on International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation

Q.1. Why is the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation observed?

The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is observed to spread awareness of the harmful effects of female genital mutilation and pressure communities to stop causing pain and harm to women and girls through female genital mutilation.

Q.2. What is the 2022theme for the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation?

The 2022 theme for the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is “Accelerating Investment to End FGM.” The funding generated will support women, research, and make laws that protect women and girls from such practices.

Q.3. What would be the consequence if the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is not observed?

If the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is not observed, millions of girls and women worldwide will be subjected to female genital mutilation due to a lack of awareness.

Q.4. On which date and month is the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation marked?

The International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation is marked every year on the 6th of February.

Q.5. Which two important groups initiated the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation?

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) started the observance of the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation.