Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Apr 13, 2022, 5:26

The Executive head of a state is its Deputy Commissioner. The office of the Deputy Commissioner can take on several different roles depending on the situation and urgency. In matters of public importance and inquiry, the Deputy Commissioner reports to the Divisional Commissioner, who is ranked as the Secretary officer in the State.

The highest revenue officer of the administration in a district is the District Collector of that particular district. The District collector is answerable to the government of India for the actions and duties that they carry out. The District Collector answers to the government through the Divisional Commissioner and the Finance Commissioner of the district.

Let us explore the Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector.

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Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector

Deputy Commissioner

District Collector

The Deputy Commissioner is responsible for undertaking welfare activities in the state and coordinating the projects that are being undertaken for developmental purposes. A Deputy Commissioner has dynamic roles to fulfil which include:

  • Deputy Commissioner
  • District Magistrate
  • District Collector

The highest revenue officer of the administration in a district is the District Collector of that particular district. The District collector is answerable to the government of India for the actions and duties that they carry out. The District Collector answers to the government through the Divisional Commissioner and the Finance Commissioner of the district

Deputy Custodian (Roles)

  • Allots shops and houses to individuals in the urban areas
  • If there are cases pending on evacuees from a place, the Deputy Custodian closes such cases
  • In rural areas, the Deputy Custodian allots lands and houses
  • The Deputy Custodian may revise the Tahsildar orders

District Magistrate(Roles)

  • Maintaining District Law and Order
  • The District Magistrate is the head of the criminal administration of the state
  • The District Magistrate exercises his/her jurisdiction over the lock-ups and jails in the district
  • The District Magistrate is responsible for controlling and directing the action of the police of the state

Deputy Commissioner(Roles)

  • The Deputy Commissioner administers municipalities in a state
  • Deputy Commissioner functions as Returning Officer for Lok Sabha elections in the district
  • The decennial census is looked after by the Deputy Commissioner
  • Scarce and essential commodities distribution in the district is looked after by the Deputy Commissioner to avoid hoarding and scarcity
  • Panchayats, Zilla Parishads, Market Committees, community development blocks management are central to the role of the Deputy Commissioner.

District Collector(Roles)

  • Revenue Court conduction
  • Excise Duties, Irrigation Dues, Income Tax dues, and arrears collection
  • Relief and Rehabilitation work is undertaken by the District Collector
  • The office of the District Collector is the arbitrator of land acquisition
  • Land revenue collection
  • To maintain accuracy in land records
  • Can issue statutory certificates such as Nationality, Domicile, Marriage, SC/ST, OBC, Economically Weaker Section (EWS) to eligible individuals
  • The highest Judicial Authority in the District is the District Collector

Deputy Commissioner is assisted by:

  • The Additional Deputy Commissioner
  • Assistant Commissioner (General)
  • Assistant Commissioner (Grievances)
  • Executive Magistrate
  • District Revenue Officer
  • District Development and Panchayat Officer
  • Sub Divisional Magistrates
  • Civil Defense Officer
  • Urban Ceiling Officer

District Collection is assisted by:

  • Additional District Collector also called the District Revenue Officer
  • Deputy Collectors

We have discussed the Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector. Due to the vastness and complexity of the Deputy Commissioner’s roles, which they take on as district collectors or as district magistrates, their office is the measuring rod of the district administration.

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FAQs on Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector?

The Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector is that while the Executive head of a state is its Deputy Commissioner, the highest revenue officer of the administration in a district is the District Collector of that particular district.

Q.2. What is the Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector in terms of role?

The Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector in terms of the role is: the Deputy Commissioner is responsible for undertaking welfare activities in the State and coordinating the projects that are being undertaken for developmental purposes;

The District collector is answerable to the government of India for the actions and duties that they carry out.

Q.3. What is the Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector regarding assistance?

The Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector regarding assistance is: while for daily tasks, the Deputy Commissioner is assisted by the Additional Deputy Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner (General), Assistant Commissioner (Grievances), Executive Magistrate, etc., the District Collector is assisted by Additional District Collector or District Revenue Officer and Deputy Collectors.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector in terms of reporting?

The Difference Between Deputy Commissioner and District Collector in terms of reporting is: in matters of public importance and inquiry, the Deputy Commissioner reports to the Divisional Commissioner, who is ranked as the Secretary officer in the State;

The District Collector answers to the government through the Divisional Commissioner and the Finance Commissioner of the district.