Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 6, 2022, 5:35

Democracy and dictatorship are two principal forms of government that are poles apart. While democracy is a government selected by citizens of any country or other qualified members of the state through electoral representatives, a dictatorship is a government where a single person or group of individuals wield authority without restriction.

This article will discuss and analyse the major Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship.

Understanding Democracy and Its Features

Democracy, in its simplest definition, is a government of the people, by the people, and for the people. In a democratic government, the participation of individuals is of paramount significance, without which it loses its essence.

People in this form of government get an equal share of opportunities whether they come from an ethnic or religious minority. Furthermore, in a democracy, people hold the power to criticise the government if it does something unlawful. Below are some significant features of a democracy.

  • Freedom of Manifestation: In a democratic government, every individual holds the freedom to voice their views without apprehension or oppression.
  • People's sovereignty: People in a democratic government are the ones who make it likely to select the government of their own will through the procedure of elections. They choose their representatives, who are all responsible to the citizens.
  • Free Judiciary: In a democratic country, the judiciary is a self-dependent institution, not accountable even to the ruling administration. The privileges of a judiciary are bestowed in the constitution of a nation.

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Understanding Dictatorship and Its Features

A dictatorship is a government system where one individual or group of individuals enjoy unhindered authority without any restrictions. Dictators usually employ coercive means to acquire political authority.

They retain their government through the use of brutality, anguish, and the suspension of civil liberties. They also use additional means to sustain their rule, such as distributing wrong information. Mentioned hereunder are some characteristics of a dictatorship.

  • Rule of a Single Person: Unlike a democratic government, there is no concept of an election, and a single individual or political party continues to govern without any constitutional restrictions.
  • Suppression of freedom: The government effectively restricts personal freedoms without constitutional assurances. Individuals in this type of government are oppressed and suppressed every day.
  • No Rule of Law: There is government-enforced misrule in this government system, where individuals can be imprisoned or detained without any trial by the judiciary.
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What is the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship?

Below is a tabular representation of the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship:

Criteria

Democracy

Dictatorship

Definition

In a democracy, an individual who gets the highest votes and support grows to become the head

Only one ruler has illegally seized control in a dictatorship and leads the whole nation with an iron fist

Type of Political System

In a democracy, a bi-party or multi-party system represents various societies and beliefs

Political authority is given only through a rigorously monitored, unrestricted election process

In a dictatorial government system, the political parties are mostly restricted from carrying out activities freely.

Freedom

People in a democratic government are the ones who make it likely to select the government of their own will through the procedure of elections

The government limits personal freedoms without constitutional assurances. Individuals in this type of government are oppressed and suppressed every day

Rule of law

The government always works for the betterment of the people and citizens in a democratic country can select their government.

The government might or might not work for the public interest and people in a monarchial country cannot choose their government.

Democracy and dictatorship are concepts that are very dissimilar and we have looked at the major Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship, which should help better understand how they work.

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FAQs on the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship

Q.1. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship?

The Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship is that while democracy is a government selected by citizens of any country or other qualified members of the state through electoral representatives, a dictatorship is a government where a single person or group of individuals wield authority without restrictions on constitutional governance.

Q.2. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship in terms of freedom of expression?

The Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship in terms of freedom of expression is that people can freely voice their opinions in a democracy, whereas there is no freedom of expression in a dictatorship.

Q.3. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship in terms of rule?

The Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship in terms of the rule is that while there is a bi-party or multi-party rule in a democracy, only one person or group of people rule in a dictatorship.

Q.4. What is the Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship in terms of the ideal state?

The Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship in terms of the ideal state is that while a democratic government promotes an ideal state, there is no such case in a dictatorship.