Super Cyclone Amphan, which ravaged eastern India and a few areas of Bangladesh, was a Category 5 tropical cyclone that occurred in May 2020. The catastrophic cyclone caused substantial damage in the Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal, along with Hatiara in Bangladesh. It is the most powerful tropical cyclone to have hit the Bay of Bengal Delta since 2007 (Sidr cyclone) and the first super cyclonic formation over the Bay of Bengal since the Odisha cyclone of 1999. The damages caused by the cyclone were estimated over USD 13 billion, making Amphan the costliest cyclone, after the 2008 cyclone Nargis, in the North Indian Ocean area.
Cyclone Amphan Path Location
Apart from incurring significant damages over Odisha and Bangladesh, Amphan caused extreme damages in West Bengal. The areas constantly in the news for the damages incurred were North 24 Parganas, East Midnapore, Kolkata, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, and Hooghly.
Among the government agencies involved in the preparedness of the super cyclone, the most important one was the National Crisis Management Committee. It must be noted here that the National Crisis Management Committee is responsible for crucial decision-making about disaster management in the country, along with the Cabinet Committee on security.
Important Facts About Cyclone Amphan
Some extremely vital information about Cyclone Amphan are shared below that will help in writing essays on Cyclone Amphan at various examinations -
- Thailand came up with the name 'Amphan'.
- The storm was conceived as a cyclonic storm over the Bay of Bengal before turning into an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm (ESCS) and making landfall on May 20 between Digha (in West Bengal) and Hatiara (Bangladesh).
- After making landfall, North Odisha Coast was the most impacted, with wind intensity reaching 110-120mph. The wind intensity reached a maximum of 265 mph before weakening.
- Vishakhapatnam's Doppler Weather Radar was utilized to track the intensity of super Cyclone Amphan.
- The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) monitored the cyclone alongside the National Crisis Monitoring Committee, the Indian Meteorological Committee, and the Cabinet Committee on Security.
- The other Indian state impacted by the severe cyclone was Kerala, which faced heavy rainfall and was issued a yellow alert by the IMD.
- The causes of the Amphan cyclone included the formation of an area of low pressure over the Bay of Bengal about 1020 km to the southeast of Visakhapatnam. This, along with the warm sea temperature (between 32 to 34 degrees Centigrade), became responsible for causing the cyclonic storm.
Cyclone Amphan, which took 40 hours to transform into a super cyclone, slowly lost its intensity on May 21, 2020. However, by this time, it had already wreaked severe damages, destroyed properties, and taken the lives of 128 people.
FAQs on Cyclone Amphan
Q.1. When did Cyclone Amphan hit the land?
Super Cyclone Amphan, which ravaged eastern India and a few areas of Bangladesh, was a Category 5 tropical cyclone that hit in May 2020.
Q.2. How many hours did Cyclone Amphan take to transform into a super cyclone?
Cyclone Amphan took nearly 40 hours to transform into a super cyclone.
Q.3. Where did Cyclone Amphan cause extreme damages?
The cyclone caused significant damage to Odisha, West Bengal, and Bangladesh. The areas constantly in the news for the damages incurred were North 24 Parganas, East Midnapore, Kolkata, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, and Hooghly.
Q.4. Name the national committees involved in monitoring and tracking the Cyclone Amphan?
The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) was involved in monitoring the cyclone alongside the National Crisis Monitoring Committee, the Indian Meteorological Committee, and the Cabinet Committee on security. Furthermore, Vishakhapatnam's Doppler Weather Radar was utilized to track the intensity of super Cyclone Amphan.